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Electrochemical Sandwich Assays for Nucleic Acid Detection

  • Meihua Lin
  • Xiaolei Zuo
Chapter

Abstract

Quantitative determination of nucleic acids related to human health and safety has attracted a great interest. Electrochemical sandwich-type biosensor with simple operation and low price shows high sensitivity and specificity with dual recognition mechanism and has been widely used for nucleic acid detection. In this chapter, we highlight the advancements of electrochemical sandwich assay for nucleic acids in recent decade. We first introduced the importance of nucleic acid detection and the principles of design an electrochemical nucleic acid sandwich assay and then summarized the advancements of this strategy based on the types of reporter tags, including redox molecules, enzymes, and nanoparticles. Finally, we discussed the challenges in the development of electrochemical nucleic acid sandwich assay to apply for clinical diagnostics, in cells and in vivo.

Keywords

Sandwich electrochemical biosensor Nucleic acid detection Label-free strategy Redox label Enzyme amplification Nanoparticle application Engineering interface 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering Research Center of Nano-Geomaterials of Ministry of Education, Faculty of Materials Science and ChemistryChina University of GeosciencesWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Molecular Medicine, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine and School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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