Agroforestry pp 163-187 | Cite as

Agroforestry Practices in Temperate Regions of the World

  • D. R. BhardwajEmail author
  • Mansi R. Navale
  • Sandeep Sharma


Temperate agroforestry systems are being practiced in the continents, like North America, Europe, highlands of the Asia, Oceania and Chile and Argentina of the South America. Distinct seasonality of the temperate regions has given rise to agroforestry practices, like windbreaks and shelterbelts, silvopastoral systems, forest grazing, woodlots, intercropped orchards and agri-horti-silviculture systems. The main tree species of agroforestry systems in the temperate parts of the world are Pinus radiata, Populus spp., Salix spp., Eucalyptus spp., Paulownia spp. and Robinia pseudoacacia and various fruit tree species, like apple, plum, apricot, peach and pear. Temperate agroforestry systems, though less diverse than tropical agroforestry systems, are playing an important role in income generation, climatic modification and biodiversity conservation.


Agroforestry practices Temperate agroforestry Silvopastoral systems Windbreaks Forest woodlots Carbon sequestration Biodiversity conservation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. R. Bhardwaj
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mansi R. Navale
    • 1
  • Sandeep Sharma
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Silviculture and AgroforestryDr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and ForestryNauni, SolanIndia
  2. 2.Himalayan Forest Research InstitutePanthaghati, ShimlaIndia

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