Agroforestry pp 753-769 | Cite as

Bioenergy in India: Status, Policies and Prospects

  • M. M. Roy
  • Sharmila Roy


There is a trend all over the world for increased use of bioenergy on account of almost carbon-neutral nature. The global estimates suggest that almost half of new generation capacity in context of energy in the coming years will be either from biomass or the nuclear one. In Indian context, promotion of biomass and waste-based energy is becoming very relevant from the viewpoints of green energy, recycling of wastes and cleanliness. The estimated potential of present biomass-based energy in the country is over 25,000 MW, and the installed production capacity is 5941 MW. Thus, there is great scope to realize the actual potential of bioenergy through adoption of enabling policies and supporting mechanisms. Various categories of biomass and waste availability and present status of bioenergy production in the country are presented. The challenges, policies and future prospects in this context are discussed.


Bioenergy Bagasse Biodiesel Biofuel Biogas Energy plantation Sugarcane wastes 



The authors are grateful to Dr. JC Tewari, Principal Scientist, Central Arid Zone research Institute, Jodhpur, for providing some photographs that are used in this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Sugarcane ResearchLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Central Institute of Subtropical HorticultureLucknowIndia

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