Comprehensive Review of Alkaline–Surfactant–Polymer (ASP)-Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR)

  • Peng Yang
  • Zi-an LiEmail author
  • Bin Xia
  • Ya-juan YuanEmail author
  • Qaing-tai Huang
  • Wei-liang Liu
  • Chi-yu Cheng
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering book series (SSGG)


Alkaline–surfactant–polymer (ASP) flooding has developed into the important economical and effective technical method which has been verified that ASP flooding can enhance recovery ratio 10% compared to polymer drive, compares the water drive enhancement recovery ratio above 20%. Especially for upgrading old oil–gas field with high water-cut stage, the advantages of ASP flooding synergetic effect are more clearly compared with the previous solutions such as water driving, polymer, and surfactant flooding. There are over 83 × 108 tons of the reserves for ASP flooding which can be produced by injecting ASP solutions; there are over 14 × 108 tons of the reserves only for Daqing oil field that can be produced by injecting ASP solutions. ASP flooding is a research hot spot, difficult points and the leading edge of exploration and development of oil–gas field with great potential and broad prospects. This paper has introduced new developments, explained features and displacement mechanism of ASP-enhanced oil recovery (EOR), and analyzed the urgent key technical hurdles of ASP (EOR). Comprehensive compared challenges and corresponding solutions of ASP flooding (EOR) among domestic and foreign oil-gas field, we discussed the industrialization promotion prospects of ASP flooding (EOR).


ASP flooding Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) Displacement efficiency Recovery ratio Industrialization prospect 



The research was supported by Major National Science and Technology Project (No. 2016ZX05054013), The National Nature Science Foundation of China (Project No. 41372208 and No. 40534019), and The Open Found of the State Key Laboratory of Ore Deposit Geochemistry, CAS (Project No. 201304).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peng Yang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zi-an Li
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Bin Xia
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Ya-juan Yuan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Qaing-tai Huang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Wei-liang Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chi-yu Cheng
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Marine ScienceSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Offshore Oil Exploration and Development of Guangdong Higher Education InstitutesGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Offshore Oil Exploration and Development Center of Sun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Ore Deposit Geochemistry Chinese Academy of SciencesGuiyangChina

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