Advertisement

Role of the Family in Child Protection

  • Sibnath Deb
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Well-Being and Quality of Life Research book series (BRIEFSWELLBEING)

Abstract

This chapter discusses the role of the family in the upbringing of children. Available primary and secondary data about this issue have been discussed in this chapter at length. The UN Convention on Rights of the Child clearly states the role of the family towards child protection and it further mandates the local government to take care of child upbringing, if the family fails to do so or if parents are unavailable. Evidence clearly indicates that a large number of children experience abuse and neglect within the family. The significance of the positive role of parents, effective parenting styles, supervision of children’s education, providing children the required support for persuasion of their education successfully and finally ensuring them a safe, congenial and comfortable environment in the family as well as the challenges a family faces which can have adverse effects on a child’s upbringing are elaborately elucidated in the chapter.

Keywords

Family Child protection UN convention Puducherry Congenial 

References

  1. Afifi, T. O., Mota, N. P., Dasiewicz, P., MacMillan, H. L., & Sareen, J. (2012). Physical punishment and mental disorders: Results from a nationally representative US sample. Pediatrics, 130, 184–192.  https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2011-2947.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amnesty International (AI). (2015). India. Amnesty International Report 2014/2015: The State of the World’s Human Rights. Accessed April 9, 2015.Google Scholar
  3. Astin, A. W. (1999). Student involvement: A developmental theory for higher education. Journal of College Student Development, 40, 518–529.Google Scholar
  4. Bakker, M. P., Ormel, J., Verhulst, F. C., & Oldehinkel, A. J. (2012). Childhood family instability and mental health problems during late adolescence: A test of two mediation models—The trails study. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 41, 166–176.  https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2012.651990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bowes, L., Arseneault, L., Maughan, B., Taylor, A., Caspi, A., & Moffitt, T. E. (2009). School, neighborhood, and family factors are associated with children’s bullying involvement: A nationally representative longitudinal study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48(5), 545–553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cable News Network (CNN). (2013). Samantha Bresnahan, SumnimaUdas and Ram Ramgopal. ‘Nirbhaya,’ Victim of India Gang Rape Fought for Justice. Accessed December 15, 2013.Google Scholar
  7. Chang, J. J., Theodore, A. D., Martin, S. L., & Runyan, D. K. (2008). Psychological abuse between parents: Associations with child maltreatment from a population-based sample. Child Abuse and Neglect, 32(8), 819–829.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2007.11.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chickering, A. W. (1969). Education and identity. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  9. Crosnoe, R. (2002). Academic and health-related trajectories in adolescence: The intersection of gender and athletics. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 43, 317–335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Csorba, R., Lampe, L., Borsos, A., Balla, L., Poka, R., & Olah, E. (2006). Female child sexual abuse within the family in a Hungarian county. Gynecologic and obstetric investigation, 61(4), 188–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Davis-Kean, P. E. (2005). The influence of parent education and family income on child achievement: the indirect role of parental expectations and the home environment. Journal of Family Psychology, 19(2), 294.Google Scholar
  12. Dearing, E., McCartney, K., & Taylor, B. A. (2001). Change in family income matters more for children with less. Child Development, 72, 1779–1793.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Deb, S., McGirr, K., Bhattacharya, B., & Sun, J. (2015). Role of home environment, parental care, parents’ personality and their relationship to adolescent mental health. Journal of Psychology, 5, 223.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2161-0487.1000223.Google Scholar
  14. Deb, S., & Modak, S. (2010). Prevalence of violence against children in families in Tripura and its relationship with socio-economic factors. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, 2(1), 5.Google Scholar
  15. Deb, S., & Ray, M. (2016). Child abuse and neglect in India, risk factors, and protective measures. In Child safety, welfare and well-being (pp. 39–57). Springer India.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-2425-9.
  16. Deepshikha, B. S. (2009). Role of family environment in social adjustment of adolescent girls in rural areas of Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Indian Journal of Social Science Researches, 6, 109–112.Google Scholar
  17. Eccles, J. S., Barber, B. L., Stone, M., & Hunt, J. (2003). Extracurricular activities and adolescent development. Journal of Social Issues, 59, 865–890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Feldman, A. F., & Matjasko, J. L. (2005). The role of school-based extracurricular activities in adolescent development: A comprehensive review and future directions. Review of Educational Research, 75, 159–210.  https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543075002159.
  19. Garbarino, J., & Abramowitz, R. H. (1992). The ecology of human development. Children and Families in the Social Environment, 2, 11–34.Google Scholar
  20. Gershoff, E. T., & Grogan-Kaylor, A. (2016). Spanking and child outcomes: Old controversies and new meta-analyses. Journal of Family Psychology, 30, 453–469. doi:https://doi.org/0893-3200/160.1037/0033-2909.128.4.539.Google Scholar
  21. Gupta, M. D. (1987). Selective discrimination against female children in rural Punjab, India. Population and Development Review, 77–100.  https://doi.org/10.2307/1972121.
  22. Huston, A. C., Duncan, G. J., McLoyd, V. C., Crosby, D. A., Ripke, M. N., Weisner, T. S., et al. (2005). Impacts on children of a policy to promote employment and reduce poverty for low-income parents: New Hope after 5 years. Developmental Psychology, 41, 902–918.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.41.6.902.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Huver, R. M., Otten, R., de Vries, H., & Engels, R. C. (2010). Personality and parenting style in parents of adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 33(3), 395–402.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2009.07.012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Inter Press Service (IPS). (2015, March 3). For women in Asia, ‘Home’ is a battleground. Accessed April 1, 2015.Google Scholar
  25. Janssen, I., & LeBlanc, A. G. (2010). Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7(1), 40.Google Scholar
  26. Johnson, K. E., & Taliaferro, L. A. (2011). Relationships between physical activity and depressive symptoms among middle and older adolescents: A review of the research literature. Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing, 16(4), 235–251. Google Scholar
  27. Kilpatrick, D. G., Acierno, R., Saunders, B., Resnick, H. S., Best, C. L., & Schnurr, P. P. (2000). Risk factors for adolescent substance abuse and dependence: Data from a national sample. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68(1), 19–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Leventhal, T., Fauth, R. C., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2005). Neighborhood poverty and public policy: A 5-year follow-up of children’s educational outcomes in the New York City moving to opportunity demonstration. Developmental Psychology, 41, 933–952.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Maguire-Jack, K., Gromoske, A. N., & Berger, L. M. (2012). Spanking and child development during the first 5 years of life. Child Development, 83, 1960–1977.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01820.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mahoney, J. L., Harris, A. L., & Eccles, J. S. (2006). Organized activity participation, positive youth development, and the over-scheduling hypothesis. Society for Research in Child Development Social Policy Report, 20, 1–30.Google Scholar
  31. May-Chalal, C., & Cawson, P. (2005). Measuring child maltreatment in the United Kingdom: A study of the prevalence of child abuse and neglect. Child Abuse and Neglect, 29, 969–984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. McLachlan, R., Gilfillan, G., & Gordon, J. (2013). Deep and Persistent Disadvantage in Australia. Australian Government Productivity Commission Staff Working Paper. Australian Government Productivity Commission, Canberra, Australia.Google Scholar
  33. Morris, P., Duncan, G. J., & Clark-Kauffman, E. (2005). Child well-being in an era of welfare reform: The sensitivity of transitions in development to policy change. Developmental Psychology, 41, 919–932.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Peleg-Oren, N., & Teichman, M. (2006). Young children of parents with substance use disorders (SUD): A review of the literature and implications for social work practice. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions, 6(1–2), 49–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rutter, M., & Quinton, D. (1984). Parental psychiatric disorder: Effects on children. Psychological Medicine, 14(4), 853–880.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291700019838.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Snell-Rood, C. (2015). Informal support for women and intimate partner violence: The crucial yet ambivalent role of neighbours in urban India. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 17(1), 63–77.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2014.950333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Stallard, P., Norman, P., Huline-Dickens, S., Salter, E., & Cribb, J. (2004). The effects of parental mental illness upon children: A descriptive study of the views of parents and children. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 9(1), 39–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied PsychologyPondicherry UniversityPuducherryIndia

Personalised recommendations