Transmission Properties of Lower Refractive Index Liquid Filled Hexagon Solid Core PCF
Lower refractive index liquid filled hexagon solid core PCF geometry is demonstrated. The optical characteristics of designed fiber can be modified by varying the geometrical parameters such as air hole diameter and keeping the pitch constant. It has been observed that low confinement loss along X and Y polarization, high birefringence, nearly zero dispersion, effective area of 42.18 µm2 at 1.55 µm simultaneously achieved by using the commercial Rsoft software. The other optical properties such as effective refractive index, normalized frequency and nonlinear coefficient are also evaluated. With all these good features the designed model has potential applications in heat sensing and food quality control. But among the various advantages of the proposed PCF the most important is its simplified fabrication procedure.
KeywordsPhotonic crystal fiber (PCF) Dispersion Confinement loss Total internal refraction Photonic band gap
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