Advertisement

ENL-AODV: Energy and Load-Based Routing Protocol in Ad Hoc Networks

  • Nandanwar Chetan Damodar
  • Manu Elappila
  • Anurag Patro
  • Suchismita Chinara
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 472)

Abstract

A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a network with no infrastructure, operating on wireless mobile nodes. MANET consists of quickly deployable, independent as well as self-configuring nodes with no centralized administration. There is no fixed topology in the network and the nodes have limited energy and computing resources. Jitter, a small random variation in timing, is widely used in between the periodic transmission of the control message in wireless communication protocols. It is an especially important technique during route discovery process when a process may cause a situation where adjacent nodes have to broadcast concurrently, then the use of jitter makes a protocol able to avoid concurrent packet transmissions over the same channel by neighboring nodes in the network. In AODV, a small delay during the flooding of a control message is used during route discovery process to avoid simultaneous packet transmission by neighboring nodes, which might result in the collision between these packets. The proposed energy and load-based protocol (ENL-AODV) introduces energy and load factor in the calculation of jitter while forwarding of route requests (RREQs), making it select the path with enough energy to transfer the data packet. As simulation results describe, ENL-AODV improves the efficiency of ad hoc networks, increases packet delivery ratio, throughput, and network lifetime, and also decreases average end-to-end delay.

Keywords

MANET AODV ENL-AODV Residual energy Load Jitter 

References

  1. 1.
    Tseng Y-C, Hsieh T-Y (2002) Fully power-aware and location-aware protocols for wireless multi-hop ad hoc networks. In: Eleventh international conference on, computer communications and networks, 2002. Proceedings, pp 608–613. IEEEGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kim J-M, Jang J-W (2006) AODV based energy efficient routing protocol for maximum lifetime in manet. In: Advanced int’l conference on telecommunications and int’l conference on internet and web applications and services (AICT-ICIW’06), pp 77–77. IEEEGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Clausen T, Jacquet P (2003) Optimized link state routing protocol (OLSR). Technical reportGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Perkins C, Belding-Royer E, Das S (2003) Ad hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV) routing. Technical reportGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Khelifa S, Maaza ZM (2010) An energy multi-path AODV routing protocol in ad hoc mobile networks. In: 2010 5th international symposium on, I/V communications and mobile network (ISVC), pp 1–4. IEEEGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Feng Z, Wang L, Gao X (2013) An improved routing protocol ad-AODV based on AODV. In: International conference on information science and computer applications (ISCA’13). Atlantis PressGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yi J, Fuertes JAC, Clausen T (2013) Jitter considerations in on-demand route discovery for mobile ad hoc networks. In: 2013 16th international conference on network-based information systems, pp 170–177. IEEEGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Clausen T, Dearlove C, Adamson B (2008) Jitter considerations in mobile ad hoc networks (manets). Technical reportGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nandanwar Chetan Damodar
    • 1
  • Manu Elappila
    • 1
  • Anurag Patro
    • 1
  • Suchismita Chinara
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyRourkelaIndia

Personalised recommendations