Photonic Crystal Fiber: A Review

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 472)

Abstract

With the tremendously growing demand for internet, developments in optical fiber technology are rapid. These fibers offer low propagation loss for longer lengths, high transmission rate, and high channel capacity and bandwidth. However, traditional fibers have very rigid design rules such as limited core diameter for single-mode operation and cut-off wavelengths. Photonic crystal fibers are a new class of fiber, which along with the benefits of conventional fibers provides unique properties such as endlessly single mode operation, no cut-off wavelength, and single mode operation with larger core diameters. PCFs work in two different modes: index-guiding mode and photonic bandgap mode. These fibers can be used in ophthalmology, dental imaging, military applications, and many more areas. This paper provides an overview of photonic crystal fiber and its different modes of operation and applications.

Keywords

Modified TIR Photonic bandgap Crystal fibers Holey fibers 

References

  1. 1.
    Senior JM (2009) Optical fiber communications-principles and practice, 3rd edn. Pearson PublicationsGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Keiser G (1991) Optical fiber communications, 2nd edn. Tata McGraw Hill PublicationsGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Photonic crystal fiber. www.wikipedia.org
  4. 4.
    Russel PSt (2003) Science 299:358Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Begum F, Namihira Y (2012) Photonic crystal fiber for medical applications. In: Yasin M (ed) Recent progress in optical fiber research. InTech. ISBN: 978-953-307-823-6Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Popp J, Matthews DL, Tian J, Yang C-C (eds) (2011) Optical sensors and biophotonics III. In: Proceedings of SPIE-OSA-IEEE Asia communications and photonics, vol 8311, 831102Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tee DC, Abu Bakar MH, Tamchek N, Mahamd Adikan FR (2013) Photonic crystal fiber in photonic crystal fiber for residual dispersion compensation over E + S + C + L + U wavelength bands. IEEE Photon J.  https://doi.org/10.1109/JPHOT.2013.2265980. 1943-0655/$31.00 2013
  8. 8.
    DerNaturwissenschaftlichenFakultät der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-NürnbergzurErlangung des Doktorgrades Dr. rer. nat. Optofluidic photonic crystal fibres for biomedical research in fibraGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vyas S et al (2016) Ultraflat broadband supercontinuum in highly nonlinear Ge11.5As24Se64.5 photonic crystal fibres. Ukr J Phys Opt 17(3):132–139.  https://doi.org/10.3116/16091833/17/3/132/2016
  10. 10.
    Dabas B, Sinha RK (2010) Dispersion characteristic of hexagonal and square lattice chalcogenide As2Se3 glass photonic crystal fiber. Opt Commun 283(7):1331–1337Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Newport Corporation. https://www.newport.com
  12. 12.
    Department of Quantum Electronics, Sofia University, Bulgaria. http://quantum.phys.uni-sofia.bg
  13. 13.
    Photonic Media. http://www.photonics.com

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Priyanka Sidhar
    • 1
  • Poonam Singal
    • 1
  • Shefali Singla
    • 1
  1. 1.Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science & TechnologyMurthalIndia

Personalised recommendations