Analysis of OFDM-MIMO with BPSK Modulation and Different Antenna Configurations Using Alamouti STBC

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 472)

Abstract

Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is a multicarrier modulation scheme widely used in 4G. It is effective for reducing the effects of multipath delay in wireless communication. For OFDM system, total delay spread (Td) is less than symbol period (T); it can be combined with antenna arrays at transmitter and receiver (MIMO) to increase diversity gain called as MIMO-OFDM system. MIMO-OFDM improves system capacity on time-variant and frequency-selective channels. The quality of service provided by a system greatly depends upon the correct selection of modulation scheme. In this paper, analysis and simulation of OFDM-MIMO system with different digital modulation schemes like BPSK, 8-PSK, QPSK, and QAM is performed using Alamouti space–time block codes (STBC). STBC uses spatial and time dimensions for error control unlike traditional methods that uses only time dimension. A comparison study shows that for a given data rate and channel conditions, OFDM-MIMO using STBC with BPSK modulation is better compared with other digital modulation techniques in terms of error performance. OFDM-MIMO using STBC with BPSK modulation is further analyzed and simulated for various antenna configurations. It is observed that as numbers of antennas at transmitter and receiver side are increased, the system diversity increases and gives better performance in terms of BER.

Keywords

Bit error rate (BER) Transmit diversity Orthogonal space–time block codes (OSTBC) Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) Multi-input multi-output (MIMO) system 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Telecommunication EngineeringRajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology, University of MumbaiMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Ramrao Adik Institute of TechnologyNerul, Navi MumbaiIndia

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