Making Social Networks Visible: Shared Awareness Among Stakeholders on Groundwater Resources

  • Michinori Kimura
  • Naoki Masuhara
  • Kenshi Baba
Part of the Global Environmental Studies book series (GENVST)


In the sustainable use of groundwater resources, there is a need for smooth governance by stakeholders. Local communities use groundwater resources for a variety of purposes and many different stakeholders are involved, making it difficult to get an overall idea of how groundwater is being used. The purpose of this study is to use social network analysis (SNA) to visualize differences in latent talking point that exist among stakeholders of groundwater resources to structurally understand the potential relationship between the stakeholders of groundwater resources of Obama City, Fukui Prefecture. Results show that stakeholders come to a shared understanding regarding general issues such as “necessity of conservation”, “maintaining current usage level”, “sanitation”, among others. However, the stakeholders do not have a shared understanding regarding specific issues such as “salinization”, “temperature”, and “natural flow”. From a nexus perspective, groundwater is used for various purposes. The fact that concrete issues are not shared between stakeholders with different uses is considered to be a potential conflict.


Social network analysis Obama city Groundwater resources Stakeholders Groundwater resource potential problems 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lake Biwa Environmental Research InstituteOtsuJapan
  2. 2.Research Institute of Humanity and NatureKyotoJapan
  3. 3.Tokyo City UniversityYokohamaJapan

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