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Introduction: Human-Environmental Security in the Asia-Pacific Ring of Fire: Water-energy-food Nexus

  • Aiko Endo
Chapter
Part of the Global Environmental Studies book series (GENVST)

Abstract

The objectives of this project are to understand the complexity of the water-energy-food (WEF ) nexus system and to create scenarios and policy options to reduce trade-offs among resources and to alleviate conflicts of resource users using scientific evidence and under assumptions of uncertainty to maximize human-environmental security. Five different interdisciplinary approaches, scales and clusters will be used in this investigation: (1) the science in/for society; (2) the water-energy nexus; (3) the water-food (e.g., fisheries resources) nexus; (4) the stakeholder analysis; and (5) the interdisciplinary study.

A primary challenge of this nexus study is to analyse the interlinkages between groundwater and fisheries production, regarding the hypothesis that the flow of nutrients from land to ocean affects the coastal ecosystem. This suggests that water use for producing and/or consuming food and/or energy on land might affect fisheries production in coastal areas. To examine this theory, we address two primary objectives; (1) to understand the complexity of the water-energy-food (WEF ) nexus system since the relationships of all three resources are interrelated and interdependent; and (2) under scientific evidence and scientific uncertainty to create scenarios and policy options to solve the identified nexus problems, that is, to reduce the number of tradeoffs among three resources and to mitigate potential conflicts among these resource users through transdisciplinary approaches.

Keywords

Water-energy-food (WEF) Nexus Geothermal energy Hydrothermal enrgy Hot spring Energy Hydropower generation Shale gas Submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) Coastal ecosystem Stakeholder analysis, social network Scenario planning Integrated methods Interdisciplinary Transdisciplinary 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute for Humanity and NatureKyotoJapan

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