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Biological Control as a Tool for Eco-friendly Management of Plant Pathogens

  • Mamta SharmaEmail author
  • Avijit Tarafdar
  • Raju Ghosh
  • S. Gopalakrishanan
Chapter
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 4)

Abstract

Crop protection is pivotal to maintain abundant production of high quality. Over the past 100 years, use of chemical fertilizers and pathocides and good agronomical practices enabled growers to maintain improved crop productivity. However, extensive use of chemicals during the last few decades in controlling pests and diseases resulted in negative impacts on the environment, producing inferior quality and harming consumer health. In recent times, diverse approaches are being used to manage and/or mitigate a variety of pathogens for control of plant diseases. Biological control is the alternative approach for disease management that is eco-friendly and reduces the amount of human contact with harmful chemicals and their residues. A variety of biocontrol agents including fungi and bacteria have been identified but require effective adoption and further development of such agents. This requires a better understanding of the intricate interactions among the pathogen, plants and environment towards sustainable agriculture. Beyond the field assessment, the analysis of microbial communities with culture-independent molecular techniques including sequencing technologies and genomics information has begun a new era of plant disease management.

Keywords

Biocontrol agent Plant-pathogen interaction Eco-friendly plant disease management Sustainable agriculture Socio-economic impact 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mamta Sharma
    • 1
    Email author
  • Avijit Tarafdar
    • 1
  • Raju Ghosh
    • 1
  • S. Gopalakrishanan
    • 1
  1. 1.International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-AridTropics (ICRISAT)HyderabadIndia

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