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Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) for Sustainable Rice Production

  • P. PanneerselvamEmail author
  • Upendra Kumar
  • T. C. K. Sugitha
  • C. Parameswaran
  • Sowarnalisha Sahoo
  • A. K. Binodh
  • Afrin Jahan
  • A. Anandan
Chapter
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 4)

Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) exhibit multifunctional mutualistic symbiosis between plants and members of phylum Glomeromycota. This bipartite association improves uptake of water and nutrients such as phosphate, nitrogen, and micronutrients and also protects the plants from abiotic and biotic stresses. The trade-offs between plant colonization by AMF are controlled by physiological and/or genetic drivers in nature. The plant signal, different subsets of its genes, and a diffusible fungal signaling factor that triggers gene activation support the progress of AMF infection in successive root cell layers. The molecular understanding of AMF association in plants particularly in rice is very important to select an efficient and right species to reap the full beneficial effects from these fungi. The potential of AMF has been exploited vastly for most of the crop plants, but its role in sustaining rice cultivation is not much dissected, since there is a belief that these fungi may not work under lowland rice cultivation, which is one of the misconceptions. Rice is our staple food crop and demands huge amount of phosphorous (P), nitrogen (N), etc. In order to overcome the future P crisis and mitigate drought for sustainable rice cultivation, AMF can be appreciated as a “savior for rice” irrespective of different cultivations. In the above perspective, the present chapter discusses about the potentiality of AMF for rice cultivation and also confers the molecular insight and future perspective of this fungal association for sustainable rice production.

Keywords

Rice Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Nutrient management Molecular understanding 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Panneerselvam
    • 1
    Email author
  • Upendra Kumar
    • 1
  • T. C. K. Sugitha
    • 2
  • C. Parameswaran
    • 1
  • Sowarnalisha Sahoo
    • 1
  • A. K. Binodh
    • 2
  • Afrin Jahan
    • 1
  • A. Anandan
    • 1
  1. 1.National Rice Research InstituteCuttackIndia
  2. 2.Tamil Nadu Agricultural UniversityCoimbatoreIndia

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