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Soil Microbial Diversity: An Ecophysiological Study and Role in Plant Productivity

  • Bighneswar Baliyarsingh
  • Suraja Kumar NayakEmail author
  • Bibhuti Bhusan Mishra
Chapter
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 4)

Abstract

Soil is considered as one of the most competent ecosystems for subsistence of microorganisms. Soil microbial community structure and activity depend largely on structure and status of the soil habitat. Diverse heterotrophic microbial communities in soil along with their complex web of interaction facilitate the cycling of micro- and macro-nutrients in soil ecosystem. The demand of sustained plant productivity is achieved through managing soil fertility. The dynamic relationships between different components, living or nonliving, of agroecosystem control the richness of plants or crops. In turn, soil organic matter is influenced by the inputs from plants and also their chemistry makes each ecosystem somewhat unique in its microbial community. Though the role of soil microbiome is widely known, we still have a limited understanding of its complexity. Thus, understanding the microbial diversity will enhance our ability of increasing agricultural production.

Keywords

Soil microbiology Soil microbial habitat Plant-soil microbial interaction Microbial diversity Soil fertility 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bighneswar Baliyarsingh
    • 1
  • Suraja Kumar Nayak
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bibhuti Bhusan Mishra
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyCollege of Engineering and TechnologyBhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyOrissa University of Agriculture and TechnologyBhubaneswarIndia

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