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Plant Cell Wall: A Simple Physical Barrier or a Complex Defense Modulator – Exploring Its Dynamic Role at Plant-Fungus Interface

  • Sumanti Gupta
  • Amit Roy
Chapter

Abstract

Plants are continuously threatened by many pathogens, among which fungal pathogen accounts for a measureable large quantity. Understanding of plant-fungal interaction is constantly coevolving along with the evolution of both the interacting partners. According to the previous scientific literature, many fungi are associated with a single host. Present chapter is focused at elaborating the role of plant cell wall in participating in the interaction. Host cell wall is the outermost barrier which any pathogen has to breach for successful invasion and establishment. Now the question is what is the role of host cell wall in regulating the pathogen’s infiltration or restriction? Present study explains the structural dynamism of cell wall which is believed to have functional relevance and is dependent on the behavior of the infecting fungi. Moreover, cell wall is also known to elicit immune signals that brings about transcriptional reprogramming and helps in mounting defense against attacking fungi. Additionally, cell wall-mediated responses trigger expressions of many antimicrobials which are regulated by hormone signaling pathways. This study also sheds light on the impact of plant-fungal association on tritrophic interactions with other beneficial and pathogenic biotic components. But the role of host cell wall while dealing with multiple interacting partners is still elusive. Thus, the knowledge of cell wall glycobiology is expected to proceed further based on researches conducted at natural microenvironments.

Keywords

Plant-fungal interaction Host cell wall Elicitation Defense signaling Tritrophic interactions 

Notes

Acknowledgment

Authors are grateful to Dr. Ryan Bracewell, University of Montana, USA, for providing the beetle pictures.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BotanyRabindra MahavidyalayaTarakeswarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Entomology, College of AgricultureUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  3. 3.Present Address: Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, EXTEMIT-KCzech University of Life SciencesSuchdolCzech Republic

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