Ecology and Conservation of Red-crowned Cranes in Russia

  • Sergei M. Smirenski
  • Elena M. Smirenski
  • Sergei G. Surmach
  • Yoshiyuki Masatomi
  • Kunikazu Momose
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)


The red-crowned crane (Grus japonensis) is a large, IUCN-listed endangered species found in East Asia. Within Russia, despite a century of records, the center of breeding habitat was not discovered until the 1970s. Since then, researchers and advocates have helped establish a network of protected areas to counter the threats of wetland reclamation, damming, wildfire, and poaching. Here, after briefly describing G. japonensis ecology, we detail these threats to the species and then describe mitigating actions, including creation of protected areas in Russia, working groups (both Russian and international), and conservation education initiatives throughout East Asia to benefit the conservation of this species and its habitat.


Conservation Mainland population Protected area Red-crowned crane Russia 



We would like to offer our special thanks to Dr. Jonathan Slaght. Without his useful advice and persistent help, this paper would not have been possible. This study was partly supported by the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (D-1201) of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergei M. Smirenski
    • 1
  • Elena M. Smirenski
    • 2
  • Sergei G. Surmach
    • 3
  • Yoshiyuki Masatomi
    • 4
  • Kunikazu Momose
    • 4
  1. 1.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.International Crane FoundationBarabooUSA
  3. 3.Institute for Biology and SoilsRussian Academy of ScienceVladivostokRussia
  4. 4.Red-crowned Crane ConservancyKushiroJapan

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