Distribution of the Red-crowned Crane in the World

Chapter
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)

Abstract

Globally, there are 15 different crane species, including the red-crowned crane (Grus japonensis), and are distributed on all continents except South America and Antarctica. Many species of crane are threatened with extinction due to the destruction and reduction of their habitats. Males and females share similar plumage, but in general males are larger, and there is no change of color throughout the year. Cranes are omnivorous feeders. There are two isolated populations of G. japonensis in Northeastern Asia. The first is the Japanese nonmigratory population, mainly found on eastern Hokkaido Island. The second population is continental and migratory, breeding in North China and Russian Far East and migrating to the Korean Peninsula and the eastern coast of China during the winter. The distribution range of the Hokkaido population is progressively expanding; however, that of the migratory continental population has been greatly reduced. The total population worldwide is about 3000 individuals.

Keywords

Diet Distribution Morphology Population Red-crowned crane 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We sincerely thank Dr. Dmitry Korobov at Khanka State Nature Biosphere Reserve for his cooperation. We would like to offer our special thanks to Dr. Jonathan Slaght. Without his useful advice and persistent help, this paper would not have been possible. This study was partly supported by the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (D-1201) of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Red-crowned Crane ConservancyKushiroJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Biology and Soil Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences-Far Eastern BranchVladivostokRussia

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