Ecology and Sufficiency for Sustainable Development: Perspectives from Thailand

  • Patchanee Malikhao
Part of the Communication, Culture and Change in Asia book series (CCCA, volume 6)


This chapter discusses the sufficient economy scheme introduced by late King Bhumibol of Thailand. Ecological conservation, cooperatives, organic plantation, and sufficient agriculture for sustainability will be explained against the Thai political, economic, and environmental background. The upcoming 12th plan also emphasizes the philosophy of a sufficient economy, ecology, and green economy. Discourses on development and sustainable development in Thailand emphasize that development does not mean only material aspects or only quantifiable indicators. Development also includes ecological balance, the wellness of the environment and well-being of the people. Participation, social justice, self-reliance, and management of natural resources that are the key factors of development from a Thai perspective.


Sufficient economy Ecological balance Social justice Management of natural resources Buddhist model for sustainability in Thailand 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fecund CommunicationChiangmaiThailand

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