Pseudomyxoma Peritonei Arising from Epithelial Appendiceal Tumours

  • Aditi Bhatt
  • Guillaume Passot
  • Olivier Glehen


Appendiceal tumours and pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) are both rare diseases that pose several diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Appendiceal tumours are the source of PMP in most cases, and even those with benign histopathological features have a propensity for peritoneal spread. PMP has a varied biological behaviour. Over the past three decades, numerous classifications have been used to stratify these tumours according to their prognosis.

Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy, now considered the standard of care for PMP/peritoneal dissemination from appendiceal tumours, have led to a drastic improvement in survival. Selection of appropriate patients is vital for obtaining optimal results. It also leads to a reduction in morbidity and mortality. However, implementing this treatment is also associated with a prolonged learning curve for the surgeon and the institute both. Moreover, despite this aggressive therapy, these tumours have a high probability of recurrence. Treatment of subsequent recurrences can also result in a prolonged survival. A growing knowledge of the molecular biology of these tumours can be useful for further optimization of patient selection and in identifying targets for drug therapy in patients who are not surgical candidates. New therapeutic approaches like small bowel and multi-visceral transplant and mucin-lysing therapy are currently under investigation.


Mucinous appendiceal tumours Pseudomyxoma peritonei Cytoreductive surgery HIPEC 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aditi Bhatt
    • 1
  • Guillaume Passot
    • 2
    • 3
  • Olivier Glehen
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Surgical OncologyFortis HospitalBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Surgical OncologyCentre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Hospices Civils de LyonPierre BéniteFrance
  3. 3.Université Lyon 1, EMR 3738OullinsFrance

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