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The Bat Fauna of Meghalaya, Northeast India: Diversity and Conservation


Because of past and present geo-climatic condition and unique biogeographic history, the state of Meghalaya harbours a rich bat fauna. An inventory of the bat fauna of the state consisting of 65 species in eight families with distributional information on each species is presented. Four species namely Megaerops niphanae, Pipistrellus ceylonicus, Tylonycteris malayana and Miniopterus pusillus find first mention from the state. This account is primarily based on reliable published information and online collection database of museums and is supplemented by the chiropteran collection in Zoological Survey of India, Shillong, and recent field observations. Despite the rich diversity, bat fauna of the state is facing multiple existential threats especially from mining and associated activities. These threats and other conservation issues are also being discussed briefly.


  • Meghalaya
  • Northeast India
  • Chiroptera
  • Threats
  • Conservation

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American Museum of Natural History


East Garo Hills


East Jaintia Hills District


East Khasi Hills District


Hungarian Natural History Museum


Ri-Bhoi District


South Garo Hills District


Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan


Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago


West Garo Hills District


West Jaintia Hills District


West Khasi Hills District


Zoological Survey of India, Shillong


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The authors thankfully acknowledge inputs from Dr. Gabor Csorba of Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, on taxonomic nomenclature and identity of certain bat species in Meghalaya. US acknowledges departmental support and encouragement from Dr. Kailash Chandra, Director, ZSI, Kolkata; Dr. K. Venkataraman, former Director, ZSI, Kolkata, and the Officer-in-Charge, ZSI, Shillong and staff members of ZSI, Shillong. AT would like to acknowledge MBZ species conservation fund for conducting her research, Prof. Gareth Jones of the University of Bristol for his support and encouragement, Mr. Aaron Massar for his help in the field and photography and the Meghalaya Forest Department for permissions to carry out field work. Finally, we are indebted to Brian D. Kharpran Daly from the Meghalaya Adventurers Association, Thomas Arbenz, Simon Brooks and other team members of the Caving in the Abode of the Clouds Project for providing access to the forests and help in the field work and also to Dr. Partap Singh Kataria from PG College Bikaner for field assistance during 2016 expedition and to Dr. Gabriel Chișamera, mammalogist from “Grigore Antipa” National Museum of Natural History, Bucharest, for accompanying in the field during 2013 and 2014 caving expeditions in Meghalaya and sharing his observations.

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Annexure: Geographic Gazetteer of the Localities Mentioned in the Text

Annexure: Geographic Gazetteer of the Localities Mentioned in the Text




25.1935N, 90.6346E


25.3187N, 90.4408E


25.2717N, 91.7308E


c25.6333N, 90.75E


25.4752N, 90.3244E


25.4509N, 92.2089E


25.2200N, 92.3706E


25.1588N, 91.1919E


c25.4666N, 92.2166E


Not located

Krem Arwah

25.2717N, 91.7308E

Krem Pamskei in Lawbah

25.2359N, 91.5577E

Krem Mawsyrwait

25.2544N, 91.6558E

Krem Bylliat

25.4283N, 92.6016E

Krem Ramong

25.1228N, 91.3010E

Krem Tylong Kobah

25.1518N, 91.3524E

Krem Puri

25.15N, 91.33E

Krem Mawphun

25.1535N, 91.3357E

Krem Piel Klieng Pouk

25.1025N, 92.2650N

Krem Madury

25.1632N, 91.3324E

Krem Lum Shken

25.1616N, 91.3115E

Krem Lymke

25.22′28N. 92.34′47E

Krem Khung

25.2321N, 92.3448E

Krem Poh Lakhar

25.2304N, 92.3710E

Krem Sahiong I

25.2349N, 92.3723E

Krem Dieng Jem

c.25.4088N, 92.5572E

Krem Labit Shnongrim

25.3508N, 92.5035E

Krem Labit Lumshnong

25.1828N, 92.3768E

Krem Labit Kseh

25.4313N, 92.6016E

Krem Umlawan

25.1688N, 92.3825E

Krem Umadoh

25.1913N, 92.3733E

Krem Umshor

25.1038N, 92.2230E

Krem Khleishnong

25.1808N, 92.3941E

Krem Lymbait

25.1908N, 92.2686E

Krem Lumjingtep

25.2008N, 92.2719E

Krem Pedenglapiang

25.1805N, 92.2013E

Krem Pdiem Dharei

25.1572N, 92.2008E

Krem Hartali

25.1941N, 92.1880E

Krem Labit Mynlin

25.4197N, 92.5877E

Krem Shalong

25.4083N, 92.6113E

Krem Rongdangngai Mondil

25.1236N, 90.0037E


25.5238N, 92.5016E

Khandong dam site

c.25.5030N, 92.6102E

Khaddum cave

25.1708N, 92.5061E


25.24691N, 92.68384E


25.8963N, 91.7684E


c.25.1591N, 92.2591E


25.5307N, 92.5310E


25.2202N, 91.6672E


25.2359N, 91.5577E

Mahesh Khola

c.25.1823N, 90.7925E


25.1594N, 91.7452E

Mawsmai cave

25.2988N, 91.7086E


25.4666N, 91.7666E


25.2271N, 91.7014E


25.5566N, 92.0641E

Nongtrai village

25.2207N, 91.6116E


25.2675N, 91.3240E


25.8699N, 91.8337E


25.9301N, 91.9535E

Phrang Karuh cave

25.1874N, 92.3768E


c.25.9N, 90.0333E


25.1928N, 91.3114E


25.25N, 92.2833E


25.8166N, 90.3666E


c.25.8161N, 90.0997E


25.35N, 92.5333E


25.20611N, 92.46191E


25.5666N, 91.8833E


25.3505N, 92.5167E

Siju cave

c.25.3577N, 90.6613E


25.1987N, 90.5547E


25.6512N, 90.6074E


25.6791N, 91.9069E


25.4813N, 92.3493E


25.2072N, 92.0096E


25.1879N, 92.1427E

Stage III dam site

25.7313N, 91.7944E

Stage IV dam site

25.7947N, 91.7783E


25.1734N, 91.6519E


25.1784N, 91.7323E


25.6059N, 92.4348E


25.3316N, 92.5138E


25.1833N, 92.2E

Thlu Shrieh cave

25.1217N, 92.2235E


25.5166N, 91.2166E

Tangsen near Krem Lanshat

25.3316N, 92.5138E


25.0587N, 92.3826E


25.2077N, 92.2619E


25.2N, 92.2666E


25.4284N, 92.5782E

Umnuih Tamar

25.1956N, 91.8310E

Vatesuandung Bakhur

c.25.3047N, 92.7013E


c.25.5314N, 90.5920E

Plate 15.1
figure 1

Portraits of rare or newly recorded bat species from Meghalaya. 1 Macroglossus sobrinus, 2 Megaerops niphanae, 3 Miniopterus pusillus, 4 Pipistrellus ceylonicus, 5 Tylonycteris malayana, 6 Hypsugo joffrei

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Saikia, U., Thabah, A., Chachula, O.M., Ruedi, M. (2018). The Bat Fauna of Meghalaya, Northeast India: Diversity and Conservation. In: Sivaperuman, C., Venkataraman, K. (eds) Indian Hotspots. Springer, Singapore.

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