Nine Treatises on the Liability for Joint Tort

  • Xinbao Zhang


Although article 130 of the General Principles of Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the General Principles of Civil Law) states, “if two or more persons jointly infringe upon another person’s rights and cause him damage, they shall bear joint and several liability”, it gives no clear provisions of the definition and constitutive elements of joint tort.


  1. Kong XJ (1991) Analysis on joint and several liability, 4 Chinese Journal of LawGoogle Scholar
  2. Qi DJ (2000) Concept, value and principles of economic law, 10 Economic Law ReviewGoogle Scholar
  3. Shi SK (2000) On the law of obligations, at 672 (China University of Political Science and Law)Google Scholar
  4. The legal application of the cases concerning compensation for personal injury, at 41 Zhang XB (ed) China Legal Publishing House, 2004)Google Scholar
  5. Wang LM (1992) Studies on regulation of tort liability. China University of Political Science and Law Press, p 286Google Scholar
  6. Wang LM (2003), On the doctrine of liability fixation of the law of torts, at 286 (China University of Political Science and Law Press)Google Scholar
  7. Xia J (2002) Judgment of laoting case serves as important milestone in the process of environmental law, Legal Daily, 29 Apr 2002Google Scholar
  8. Wu ZY (1984) Intention liaison being the essential element of joint torts. The China Law Review, Second IssueGoogle Scholar
  9. Zhang GX (1997) On law of obligations, at 142 (The Law Press)Google Scholar
  10. Zhang XB (1998) Law of torts in China, at 31 (China Social Sciences Press)Google Scholar
  11. Zhang WY, Deng F (2003) Information, incentive and joint and several liability: legal and economic interpretation of Lianzuo (连坐) and Baojia (保甲) system in Ancient China, 3 Social Sciences in ChinaGoogle Scholar
  12. Zhang XB, Li Ling (2001) A discussion on the theory of joint tort, People’s Court Daily, 9 Nov 2001Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Renmin University of China Law School, China Legal Science Journals PressBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations