Skip to main content

Refraction and Glasses Exam

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Primary Eye Examination
  • 1073 Accesses

Abstract

The objective refraction include skiascopy, retinoscopy, and shadow test is to check and correct the refractive error of patients. The subjective refraction is used to correct the glasses prescription which is obtained from the objective refraction. The glasses prescription records the patient’s information, spherical lens, cylindrical lens, axis, pupillary distance, and specify the near or far use. To confirm the glasses have appropriate power or the glasses are properly made as prescribed, the power of the lens, the optical center, the principal meridian direction, and the prism power and the base direction should be exactly examined.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 99.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 129.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

Suggested Reading

  • Artal P. Handbook of visual optics: instrumentation and vision correction. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2017.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Brown B. The low vision handbook for eyecare professionals. Thorofare: Slack; 2007.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cole RG, Rosenthal BP. Remediation and management of low vision. St. Louis: Mosby; 1996.

    Google Scholar 

  • Faye EE. Clinical low vision. Boston: Little Brown & Company; 2000a.

    Google Scholar 

  • Faye EE. The lighthouse ophthalmology resident training manual: a new look at low vision care. New York: Lighthouse International; 2000b.

    Google Scholar 

  • Freeman PB, Jose RT. The art and practice of low vision. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann; 1997.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jonathan Jackson A, Wolffsohn JS. Low vision manual. Edimburg: Butterworth Heinemann/Elsevier; 2007.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jose RT. Understanding low vision. New York: American Foundation for the Blind; 1983.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lueck AH. Functional vision: a practitioner’s guide to evaluation and intervention. New York: AFB; 2004.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosenthal BP, Cole RG. Functional assessment of low vision. St. Louis: Mosby; 1996.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Lee, JE. (2019). Refraction and Glasses Exam. In: Lee, JS. (eds) Primary Eye Examination. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6940-6_2

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6940-6_2

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Singapore

  • Print ISBN: 978-981-10-6939-0

  • Online ISBN: 978-981-10-6940-6

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics