Contemporary Native North American Architecture Between 1966 and 1996
Since the mid-l960s, the North American peoples indigenous to the USA and Canada have expressed their various cultural values in buildings designed for traditional practices and for introduced activities such as schools, hospitals, cultural centres and government functions. The people concerned are known as Native Americans or Indians in the USA and as First Nations peoples in Canada. This chapter addresses buildings of various types on reservations and in cities within the contiguous USA that express specific cultural values using modern architectural methods, materials and forms. They demonstrate that while Native American values have survived, they have also evolved and responded to societal forces.
- Council of Educational Facility Planners International. (1995). Nay Ah Shing Lower School Vineland, Minnesota. CEFPI’s Educational Facility Planner Design Portfolio. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED386791.pdf. Accessed 16 Feb 2017.
- Faber, H. (1992). New museum shows lives of Iroquois. New York Times. www.nytimes.com/1992/06/03/nyregion/new-museum-shows-lives-of-Iroquois.html. Accessed 16 Feb 2017.
- Hauptman, L., & Campisi, J. (1988). The voice of Eastern Indians: The American Indian Chicago conference of 1961 and the movement for Federal recognition. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 133(4), 316–329.Google Scholar
- Indian Health Service. (n.d.). Great Plains Youth Regional Treatment Center. https://www.ihs.gov/greatplains/healthcarefacilities/greatplainsyrtc/. Accessed 16 Feb 2017.
- Krinsky, C. H. (1996). Contemporary native American architecture. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Krinsky, C. H. (2004). Architecture of Washington’s newest museum. Wall Street Journal, 6.Google Scholar
- Lawlor, M. (2006). Public Native America: Tribal self-representations in casinos, museums, and powwows. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
- Light, S., & Rand, K. (2005). Indian gaming and tribal sovereignty: The casino compromise. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.Google Scholar
- Malnar, J., & Vodvarka, F. (2013). New architecture on indigenous lands. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
- Niermann, T. (2006). The American Indian Chicago Conference, 1961: A native response to government policy and the birth of self-determination. Ph.D. thesis, University of Kansas.Google Scholar
- Olbekson, S. (2011). Indigenous architecture for tribal cultural centers, tribal libraries, archives, and museums: Preserving our language, memory and lifeways. In L. Roy, A. Bhasin, & S. Arriaga (Eds.), Tribal libraries, archives, and museums: Preserving our language, memory, and lifeways (pp. 73–80). Lanham: Scarecrow Press.Google Scholar
- Oneida. (n.d.). Oneida Nation School System. https://oneida-nsn.gov/education/oneida-nation-school-system/. Accessed 16 Feb 2017.
- Rand, K., & Light, S. (2006). Indian gaming law and policy. Durham: Carolina Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Schifferle, R. (1993). Lack of money imperils Indian Cultural Center. New York Times. www.niagarafallsredevelopment.com/development-opportunities/turtle-site. Accessed 16 Feb 2017.
- Simpson, M. (2001). Making representations: Museums in the post-colonial era. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Smithsonian Institution. Office of Design and Construction. (1991). Planning document: The Way of the People: National Museum of the American Indian. Master Facilities Programming, Phase l Revised Draft Report, ODC Project No. 902003. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.Google Scholar
- Twin Cities Restaurant. (n.d.). Twin Cities restaurant blog. http://twincitiesrestaurantblog.typepad.com/tcrb/sunday-brunch. Accessed 16 Feb 2017.
- Wallbank, F. (2010). Franken, others express concern about dismal conditions in struggling Indian schools. MinnPost. https://www.minnpost.com/politics-policy/2010/03/franken-others-express-concern-about-dismal-conditions-struggling-indian-sch. Accessed 16 Feb 2017.
- YoungManFamily. (n.d.). Wounded Knee: Pastor at Church of God said he is here to rid us of culture and tradition! (video). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1pxo6xN9LA. Accessed 16 Feb 2017.