The Twenty-First-Century Tongan Fale: The Emergence of Fale Puha, Fale ‘Amelika and Fale Tufitufi

  • Charmaine ‘Ilaiū Talei


The classical Tongan fale (The Tongan term fale describes a building for human habitation.) constructed in the capsular plan with elliptical roof form popular during the nineteenth century and into the mid-twentieth century has been described well (see Austin 1997; Vea 1985; Tuita 1988; Kaloni 1990, 1997; Potauaine 2006, 2010); however, there has been little research on the architectural developments of the fale in the late twentieth and twenty-first centuries (‘Ilaiū 2007, 2009, 2011). This chapter discusses the emergence of fale puha , fale ‘ Amelika and fale tufitufi (Fale puha, fale ‘Amelika  and fale tufitufi are terms coined by the author for description purposes.) as twenty-first-century Tongan house types.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

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