Electromechanical Degradation of Piezoelectric Patches

  • Hassan ElahiEmail author
  • Marco Eugeni
  • Paolo Gaudenzi
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 81)


Piezoelectric materials (PZT) are widely used as smart structure in various aerospace applications because of their sensing, actuating and energy harvesting abilities. In this research work, the degradation of the electromechanical properties of a PZT material after various mechanical and thermal shocking conditions is experimentally studied. In particular, the relationship between resistance and peak to peak voltage of Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT-5A4E) to the degradation factor at variable frequencies and thermo-mechanical shocking conditions is considered. This research provides novel mechanism for characterizing smart structures using Mechanical Quality Factor.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Antaki JF, Bertocci GE, Green EC, Nadeem A, Rintoul T, Kormos RL, Griffith BP (1994) A gait-powered autologous battery charging system for artificial organs. ASAIO Journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs) 41(3):M588–95Google Scholar
  2. Butt Z, Anjum Z, Sultan A, Qayyum F, Ali HMK, Mehmood S (2017) Investigation of electrical properties and mechanical quality factor of piezoelectric material (pzt-4a). Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology 12(2):846–851Google Scholar
  3. Chen Xr, Yang Tq, Wang W, Yao X (2012) Vibration energy harvesting with a clamped piezoelectric circular diaphragm. Ceramics International 38:S271–S274Google Scholar
  4. Cook-Chennault KA, Thambi N, Sastry AM (2008) Powering MEMS portable devicesâĂŤa review of non-regenerative and regenerative power supply systems with special emphasis on piezoelectric energy harvesting systems. Smart Materials and Structures 17(4):043,001Google Scholar
  5. DeVoe DL (2001) Piezoelectric thin film micromechanical beam resonators. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 88(3):263–272Google Scholar
  6. Elahi H, Pasha RA, Khan MZ (2014) Experimental determination of mechanical quality factor of lead zirconate titanate (PZT-5A4E) by equivalent circuit method under various thermal and resistance conditions. University of Engineering and Technology Taxila Technical Journal 19(II):1–4Google Scholar
  7. Elahi H, Israr A, Khan MZ, Ahmad S (2016) Robust vehicle suspension system by converting active and passive control of a vehicle to semi-active control system analytically. Journal of Automation and Control Engineering 4(4):300–304Google Scholar
  8. Facchini G, Bernardini L, Atek S, Gaudenzi P (2015) Use of the wavelet packet transform for pattern recognition in a structural health monitoring application. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 26(12):1513–1529Google Scholar
  9. Gaudenzi P (2009) Smart Structures: Mathematical Modelling and Applications. WileyGoogle Scholar
  10. Gaudenzi P, Bathe KJ (1995) An iterative finite element procedure for the analysis of piezoelectric continua. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 6(2):266–273Google Scholar
  11. Gaudenzi P, Facchini G (2013) Wireless structural sensing. In: SMART’13: Smart Materials and Structures, Trans Tech Publications, Advanced Materials Research, vol 745, pp 155–165Google Scholar
  12. Gaudenzi P, Bernabei M, Dati E, de Angelis G, Marrone M, Lampani L (2014) On the evaluation of impact damage on composite materials by comparing different ndi techniques. Composite Structures 118(1):257–266Google Scholar
  13. Gaudenzi P, Nardi D, Chiappetta I, Atek S, Lampani L, Pasquali M, Sarasini F, Tirilló J, Valente T (2015) Sparse sensing detection of impact-induced delaminations in composite laminates. Composite Structures 133(Supplement C):1209–1219Google Scholar
  14. Gull MA, Elahi H, Marwat M, Waqar S (2017) A new approach to classification of upper limb and wrist movements using eeg signals. In: Biomedical Engineering (BioMed), 2017 13th IASTED International Conference on, IEEE, pp 181–194Google Scholar
  15. Häsler E, Stein L, Harbauer G (1984) Implantable physiological power supply with PVDF film. Ferroelectrics 60(1):277–282Google Scholar
  16. Lampani L, Grillo R, Gaudenzi P (2012) Finite element models of piezoelectric actuation for active flow control. Acta Astronautica 71Google Scholar
  17. Liu G, Zhang S, Jiang W, Cao W (2015) Losses in ferroelectric materials. Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports 89:1–48Google Scholar
  18. Montero De Espinosa F, San Emeterio J, Sanz P (1992) Summary of the measurement methods of qm for piezoelectric materials. Ferroelectrics 128(1):61–66Google Scholar
  19. Paliwal N, Mukhija N, Bhatia D (2015) Design and optimization of high quality factor mems piezoelectric resonator with pseudo electrodes. In: Reliability, Infocom Technologies and Optimization (ICRITO)(Trends and Future Directions), 2015 4th International Conference on, IEEE, pp 1–5Google Scholar
  20. Pasquali M, Gaudenzi P (2012) A nonlinear formulation of piezoelectric plates. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 23(15):1713–1723Google Scholar
  21. Pasquali M, Gaudenzi P (2015) A nonlinear formulation of piezoelectric shells with complete electro-mechanical coupling. Meccanica 50(10):2471–2486Google Scholar
  22. Safari A, Akdogan EK (2008) Piezoelectric and Acoustic Materials for Transducer Applications. Springer Science & Business MediaGoogle Scholar
  23. Sasaki Y, Shimamura T (2001) Piezoelectric vibrators. US Patent 6,191,524Google Scholar
  24. Schmidt VH (1992) Piezoelectric energy conversion in windmills. In: Ultrasonics Symposium, 1992, Proceedings, IEEE, pp 897–904Google Scholar
  25. Tralli A, Olivier M, Sciacovelli D, Gaudenzi P (2005) Modelling of active space structures for vibration control. In: Fletcher K (ed) Proceedings of the European Conference on Spacecraft Structures, Materials and Mechanical Testing 2005, vol 581, pp 1–7Google Scholar
  26. Uchino K, Zhuang Y, URAL SO (2011) Loss determination methodology for a piezoelectric ceramic: new phenomenological theory and experimental proposals. Journal of Advanced Dielectrics 1(1):17–31Google Scholar
  27. Waqar S, Asad S, Ahmad S, Abbas CA, Elahi H (2017) Effect of drilling parameters on hole quality of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy in dry drilling. In: Materials Science Forum, vol 880, pp 33–36Google Scholar
  28. Xiao Z, Yang T, Dong Y, Wang X (2014) Energy harvester array using piezoelectric circular diaphragm for broadband vibration. Applied Physics Letters 104(22):223,904Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringSapienza University of RomeRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations