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Microbe-Mediated Biotic Stress Management in Plants

  • Pooja Kannojia
  • P. K. SharmaEmail author
  • Abhijeet K. Kashyap
  • Nazia Manzar
  • Udai B. Singh
  • Kamal Chaudhary
  • Deepti Malviya
  • Shailendra Singh
  • Sushil K. Sharma
Chapter

Abstract

Biotic stress factors have a major impact on plants and cause extensive losses to crop production. Plants possess a range of defenses that can be actively expressed in response to pathogens. The timely activation of these defense responses is important and determines whether plant is able to cope or succumb to the challenge of a pathogen. Plant defense mechanisms which are involved in biotic stress management are classified as innate and induced plant response. Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) and induced systemic resistance (ISR) are two forms of induced resistance; in both types of resistance, prior infection or treatment preconditions plant defenses leading to resistance (or tolerance) against further challenge by a pathogen. Identification of a number of biological and chemical elicitors has to a great extent helped in unraveling the understanding of the biochemical and physiological basis of ISR and SAR. Combining SAR and ISR can provide protection against a number of pathogens including the pathogens that resist through both pathways. The use of pesticides for the control of crop diseases and pests is however inefficient and not eco-friendly. Genetic engineering has enabled the cloning of genes and their insertion into the crop plants to make them resistant to different biotic stresses.

Keywords

Innate resistance Acquired resistance Biotic stress 

Notes

Acknowledgment

We would like to express our special thanks to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Government of India, for providing financial support. We acknowledge the help extended by Dr. A.K. Saxena, Director, ICAR, National Bureau of Agriculturally Important Microorganisms (ICAR-NBAIM), to carry out the proposed activity.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pooja Kannojia
    • 1
  • P. K. Sharma
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abhijeet K. Kashyap
    • 1
  • Nazia Manzar
    • 1
  • Udai B. Singh
    • 1
  • Kamal Chaudhary
    • 1
  • Deepti Malviya
    • 1
  • Shailendra Singh
    • 1
  • Sushil K. Sharma
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR- National Bureau of Agriculturally Important Microorganisms (NBAIM)Mau Nath BhanjanIndia

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