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Crop Genetic Engineering: An Approach to Improve Fungal Resistance in Plant System

  • Saquib Mahmood
  • Nita Lakra
  • Avinash Marwal
  • N. M. Sudheep
  • Khalid AnwarEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Fungal disease in crop plants from the past two decades has seen to be increasing which is recognized as a serious threat to food security worldwide. It is difficult for plant to survive under these unfavorable conditions which cause an unprecedented number of fungal and fungal-like diseases which are the most common kind of plant disease. Various approaches such as use of chemical pesticides and other synthetic molecules have been used to control the fungal infections in crop plants. Different transgenic plants have been developed by introducing various genes responsible for resistance in opposition to fungal pathogens. Genes of the enzymes responsible for cell wall degradation are frequently applied to generate transgenic plants for fungal resistance. This chapter mainly emphasizes on how transgenic approach helps to confer plant resistance toward fungal diseases.

Keywords

Food security Disease Pesticides Transgenic Fungal resistance Enzymes 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Saquib Mahmood gratefully acknowledges the Department of Biotechnology for financial supports and Dr. Nita Lakra also acknowledge UGC for providing Dr. D.S. Kothari fellowship and Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saquib Mahmood
    • 1
  • Nita Lakra
    • 1
  • Avinash Marwal
    • 2
  • N. M. Sudheep
    • 3
  • Khalid Anwar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Life SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biosciences, College of Arts, Science and HumanitiesMody UniversitySikarIndia
  3. 3.Department of Plant Science, School of Biological SciencesRST Campus, Central University of KeralaNileshwarIndia

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