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Cyanobacteria: Role in Agriculture, Environmental Sustainability, Biotechnological Potential and Agroecological Impact

  • Shivam Yadav
  • Shweta Rai
  • Ruchi Rai
  • Alka Shankar
  • Shilpi Singh
  • L. C. RaiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Cyanobacteria, a group of photosynthetic prokaryotes, have drawn the attention of agricultural scientists due to their notable key features such as the presence of oxygenic photosynthesis along with nitrogen fixation, ease in genetic manipulation and excellent adaptability to various environmental vagaries. Moreover, they have been recognized as an opulent source of various bioactive compounds possessing antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal and anticancer activities. They are also contributing positively in bioremediation and sustainable development of ecosystem. Furthermore, the presence of novel genes opens new ways for generation of transgenic crops with improved productivity and nutritional values. In view of the above, the present chapter is an attempt to cast light on cyanobacterial assistance and their potential role in sustainable development of agriculture and ecosystem.

Keywords

Cyanobacteria Biofertilizer Transgenics Biotechnological potential CO2 sequestration 

Notes

Acknowledgements

L C Rai thanks the DST, DAE for JC Bose National Fellowship and Raja Ramanna Fellowship, ICAR NBAIM, MAU and CSIR New Delhi for the financial support through projects and Head & Coordinator Centre of Advanced Study in Botany for the facilities. Shivam Yadav thanks the UGC for SRF. Alka Shankar and Shweta Rai thank ICAR for RA and SRF, respectively. Ruchi Rai and Shilpi Singh are thankful to the Department of Science and Technology for WOS-A fellowship.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shivam Yadav
    • 1
  • Shweta Rai
    • 1
  • Ruchi Rai
    • 1
  • Alka Shankar
    • 1
  • Shilpi Singh
    • 1
  • L. C. Rai
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Molecular Biology Section, Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Institute of ScienceBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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