Downlink Analysis of HetNets with Millimeter Wave Small Cells

  • Minwei Shi
  • Xianle Cao
  • Wanxuan Tan
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 463)


In this paper, the performance of a heterogeneous cellular network with both traditional sub-6GHz and millimeter wave (mmWave) links is investigated. Different from prior analysis, the interference in mmWave frequency band is incorporated into our model. Using the tools from stochastic geometry, the SINR coverage probability under maximum bias average received power association strategy is derived. The effect of sub-6GHz and mmWave small cells (SCs) density on the coverage probability is also analyzed to give insights on the network deployment. Simulation results validate the accuracy of our analysis, and reveal that different kinds of SCs have various influence on the network and need to be deployed properly.


HetNets Millimeter wave Densification Stochastic geometry 


  1. 1.
    Ghosh, A., Mangalvedhe, N., Ratasuk, R., Mondal, B., Cudak, M., Visotsky, E., Dhillon, H.S.: Heterogeneous cellular networks: from theory to practice. IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(6), 54–64 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rappaport, T.S., Sun, S., Mayzus, R., Zhao, H., Azar, Y., Wang, K., Gutierrez, F.: Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!. IEEE Access 1, 335–349 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jo, H.S., Sang, Y.J., Xia, P., Andrews, J.G.: Heterogeneous cellular networks with flexible cell association: a comprehensive downlink SINR analysis. IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 11(10), 3484–3495 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Elshaer, H., Kulkarni, M.N., Boccardi, F., Andrews, J.G., Dohler, M.: Downlink and uplink cell association with traditional macrocells and millimeter wave small cells. IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 15(9), 6244–6258 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Andrews, J.G., Baccelli, F., Ganti, R.K.: A tractable approach to coverage and rate in cellular networks. IEEE Trans. Commun. 59(11), 3122–3134 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bai, T., Heath, R.W.: Coverage and rate analysis for millimeter-wave cellular networks. IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 14(2), 1100–1114 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Andrews, J.G., Bai, T., Kulkarni, M.N., Alkhateeb, A., Gupta, A.K., Heath, R.W.: Modeling and analyzing millimeter wave cellular systems. IEEE Trans. Commun. 65(1), 403–430 (2017)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Di Renzo, M.: Stochastic geometry modeling and analysis of multi-tier millimeter wave cellular networks. IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 14(9), 5038–5057 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Information and ElectronicsBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations