Levels of Living in the North Eastern States of India

Chapter
Part of the India Studies in Business and Economics book series (ISBE)

Abstract

This chapter attempts to examine the levels of living and assess the disparities across the states in the North Eastern Region (NER) of India. It also discusses the changes in the levels of living over the years. Data from varied sources like the National Sample Surveys on consumer expenditure and employment and unemployment, the Census of India and the National Family Health Surveys have been used. The level of living has been measured by a wide range of indicators like employment, per capita consumption expenditure, nutritional intake, educational attainment, demographic structure, literacy rates, household amenities, consumer durables and summary health indicators. In this chapter, each of these indicators have been presented, discussed and have also been combined into a composite index called the standard-of-living index. For comparative purposes, the analysis in the chapter is carried out for each of the eight states in NER and also for the all India average. The study covers a period of about 20 years from 1991 to 2012. Results for rural and urban areas have been presented separately. The chapter highlights the disparities in the NER and underscores the fact that development has mostly bypassed the rural areas.

Keywords

Levels of living North–East india Standard of living index 

References

  1. Dutta, P. C. (2010). Population growth and development in the north-eastern region of India. In B. J. Deb (Ed.), Population and development in north east India. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company Pvt. Ltd.Google Scholar
  2. FAO. (2004). Human energy requirements. Report of a joint FAO/WHO/UNU expert consultation. WHO United Nations. Retrieved August 20, 2015 from http://www.fao.org/docrep/007/y5686e/y5686e00.htm.
  3. Government of India. (1993). NSS 50th round (July 1993–June 1994), Instructions to field staff vol-1. New Delhi: National Sample Survey Organisation, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.Google Scholar
  4. Government of India. (2009). Report of the expert group to review the methodology for estimation of poverty. New Delhi: Planning Commission.Google Scholar
  5. Government of India. (2011a). NSS 68th round (July 2011–June 2012), Instructions to field staff vol-1. New Delhi: National Sample Survey Organisation, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.Google Scholar
  6. Government of India. (2011b). Human development report of north eastern states. New Delhi: Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region.Google Scholar
  7. Government of India. (2013). Press note on poverty estimates, 2011–12. New Delhi: Planning Commission.Google Scholar
  8. Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts. (n.d). North east India: An introduction. Retrieved August 6, 2015 from www.ignca.nic.in/craft002.htm.
  9. International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) and Macro International. (2007). National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005–06: India: Volume I. IIPS Mumbai.Google Scholar
  10. Sahu, P. P. (2012). Employment situation in the north eastern region of India: Recent trends and emerging challenges. New Delhi: V.V. Giri National Labour Institute.Google Scholar
  11. Sen, R.K. (2008). Poverty, economic development and population dynamics in north east India. In A.K. Ray & S. Sengupta (Eds.), Population dynamics in north east India. New Delhi: O. M. Publications.Google Scholar
  12. Sengupta, K. (2007). Disparity in human development in the states of north-east India: A threat to development. In A.K. Ray & S.K. Agnihotri (Eds.), Terrorism and peace initiatives in north east India. New Delhi: O. M. Publications.Google Scholar
  13. UNDP. (1990). Human development report 1990. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Wikipedia. (n.d.). Human development index. Retrieved August 21, 2015 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_Development_Index.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.St. Edmund’s CollegeShillongIndia

Personalised recommendations