Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy

  • Keisuke SagisakaEmail author


Spectroscopic measurement performed with STM, referred to as scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS), provides information proportional to the local density of states (LDOS), the number of states per unit energy, of the sample surface. The STS measurement is usually made by positioning the STM tip over a target feature of a surface, deactivating the feedback loop to fix the STM tip height, applying a sample bias ramp, and recording tunneling current (I) or differential conductance (dI/dV).


Tunneling spectroscopy Local density of states (LDOS) Differential conductance LDOS map 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center for Advanced Measurement and Characterization, National Institute for Materials ScienceTsukubaJapan

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