Summary and Discussion
This chapter summarized the major results of the Longitudinal Survey of Psychoactive Drug Abusers in Hong Kong conducted during 2009–2012, which collected data at six time points from a sample of active or former psychoactive drug abusers. Qualitative data obtained from several focus group sessions were also used to interpret some of the significant relationships among the variables. Theoretical and practical implications of the findings were examined. The findings were also compared to those of another longitudinal study, entitled “Longitudinal Study of Chronic Drug Abusers in Hong Kong”, conducted in 2000–2003, thereby highlighting some of the characteristics of the changes of the Hong Kong drug scene over two generations of drug abusers. Several major limitations of the study were also discussed.
KeywordsLongitudinal Survey of Psychoactive Drug Abusers in Hong Kong Longitudinal Study of Chronic Drug Abusers in Hong Kong Two generations of drug abusers
- Aldridge, J., Measham, F., & Willams, L. (2011). Illegal leisure revisited: Changing patterns of alcohol and drug use in adolescents and young adults. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Asbridge, M., Valleriani, J., Kwok, J., & Erickson, P. G. (2016). Normalization and denormalization in different legal contexts: Comparing cannabis and tobacco. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 23(3), 212–223.Google Scholar
- Alexander, B. (2008). The globalization of addiction: A study in poverty of the spirit. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Becker, H. (1963). Outsiders: Studies in the sociology of deviance. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
- Cheung, Y. W. (2009). A brighter side: Protective and risk factors in the rehabilitation of chronic drug abusers in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press.Google Scholar
- Cheung, Y. W. (2012). A longitudinal survey of psychoactive drug abusers in Hong Kong. Report submitted to Beat Drugs Fund, Narcotics Division, Security Bureau, Government of the Hong Kong SAR. In website of Narcotics Division: http://www.nd.gov.hk/pdf/Longitudinal%20Survey%20of%20Psychoactive%20Drug%20Abusers%20in%20Hong%20Kong%20-%20report.pdf. Access date: April 9, 2017.
- Cheung, Y. W., & Zhong, S. H. (2014). Official reactions to crime and drug problems in Hong Kong. In C. Liqun, I. Sun, & B. Hebenton (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Criminology (pp. 295–308). Oxon: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Johnson, R. E. (1979). Juvenile delinquency and its origins: An integrated theoretical approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Matza, D. (1964). Delinquency and drift. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Moore, S., Laflin, M. T., & Weis, D. L. (1996). The role of cultural norms in the self-esteem and drug use relationship. Adolescence, 31, 523–542.Google Scholar
- Parker, H., Aldridge, J., & Measham, F. (1998). Illegal leisure: The normalization of adolescent recreational drug use. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Thio, A. (2010). Deviant behavior (10th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
- Williams, L. (2016). Muddy waters?: Reassessing the dimensions of the normalization thesis in twenty-first century Britain. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 23(3), 190–201.Google Scholar