Advertisement

Theorizing Elder Abuse in the Indian Context

  • A. M. Khan
  • Nasir Ahmad Bhat
Chapter

Abstract

Elder abuse has emerged as a serious human rights issue. It challenges the social, moral and cultural ethos of elderly care. Longevity of life is not free from adversities of ageing due to unprecedented changes in the family as a foundation of elderly care. The structural and functional changes in the family are adversely affecting the ‘web of elderly care’. The studies of inter-generation gaps are testimony to this. Conflicting relations between young and older people encourage elderly abuse in the form of negligence, indifference, lack of social and emotional support, negatively and economic insecurity, quarrels and poor medical care. All these determinants contribute to elder abuse, from mild cases to severe ones. Physical abuse is a severe form of elder abuse; it is an offence. Other form of abuse, such as medical-care abuse, cannot only be dealt with in legal terms. Elderly abuse in the Indian context appears to be non-fulfilment of expectations which elderly people have developed during their prime about their care during old age. The care of the elderly is adversely affected on account of larger differences between young and old. The scarcity of family care-givers, resource crunch, and a tremendous deterioration in the ‘cultural ethos of elderly care’ are reflected in abuse of the elderly. It can be dealt with only when several social, political and developmental interventions are initiated along with legal and human-rights interventions. General perception that fault in care of elderly lies into young is just apprehension. Elderly expected to get care as they envisage in the prime age remain a measure cause of quarrel and conflict. They need to be sensitized and oriented to reset the expectorations of care as per existing reality. This will strengthen bind between young and old.

References

  1. Aber, J.L., and E. Zigler. 1981. Developmental consideration in definition of child maltreatment. New Direction of Child Development 11: 1–29.Google Scholar
  2. Baker, A.A. 1975. Granny-battering. Modern Geriatrics 5: 20–24.Google Scholar
  3. Balambal, V. 2004. Study on abuse, neglect and violence factors in the threes strata of society. Presented in national seminar on elderly abuse, Thiruvananthapuram.Google Scholar
  4. Bambawale, U. 2004. Abuse of the elderly: A myth or reality. Handbook of Gerontology. Serials Publications. New Delhi, 243–267.Google Scholar
  5. Burston, G.P. 1975. Granny Battery. British Medical Journal 3: 5–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chakravarty, I. 2004. Tackling elder abuse: Role of a voluntary organization in the city of Kolkata. Presented in national seminar on elder abuse, Thiruvananthapuram.Google Scholar
  7. Chandan, Jayesh. 2004. Old age: An age before death. www.oldage/buzzlr.com.
  8. Geethanjali, R. 2004. Department of women’s studies, Sri Padmavati Mahila Viswavidyalayam. Tirupati—Violence against elderly—A study on the female inmates of the old age homes. Presented in NS on elderly abuse, Thiruvananthapuram.Google Scholar
  9. Giri, C. 2004. Violence against elderly male: A case study of Margherita, presented in Ns on elderly abuse, Thiruvananthapuram.Google Scholar
  10. Gokhale, S.C. 2006. Roots of elder abuse part 1. Pune: ILC, April 20–23.Google Scholar
  11. Greethanand, C. 2004. A content analysis of neglect and violence against elderly. Paper presented in NS on elderly abuse.Google Scholar
  12. Jamuna, D. 1988. Study on Adjustment among pre and postmenopausal rural women. Journal of Psychological Researches 31: 88–92.Google Scholar
  13. Johnson, T. 1995. Wider mistreatment: Deciding who is at risk. Westport: Connecticut Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  14. Khan, A.M. 2001. Health care of elderly: Approach paper presented in consultative workshop. Delhi: NIHFW.Google Scholar
  15. Khan, A.M. 2006. Case studies of elderly abuse: Roots and bases intervention. Journal of Indian Academy of Geriatrics 2: 21–27.Google Scholar
  16. Khan, A.M., and Smitha. 2006. Physical abuse of elderly in Indian context. Indian Journal of Gerontology 20: 121–130.Google Scholar
  17. Khan, A.M. 2004. Decay in family dynamics of interaction, relation and communication as determinants of growing vulnerability amongst elderly. Indian Journal of Gerontology 2: 173–175.Google Scholar
  18. Khan, A.M. 2011. Exploring older persons perception about old age and different form of elder abuse. Help Age India Research and Development Journal 17: 20–30.Google Scholar
  19. Malik, M. 2000. Dynamics of caregiving-transition during three years prospective study. The Gerontologist 40: 185–198.Google Scholar
  20. Mohanan. 2003. Abuse of the elderly in family and home for the aged. Paper presented in national seminar on elderly abuse.Google Scholar
  21. Nayar PKB. 2004. Older Women in India: The context, issues and concerns (ed). Ashok Vihar, New Delhi: The Women Press.Google Scholar
  22. Pandey, U.S. 2004. Dept. of Sociology, SPK PG college, Firozabad, Agra. Study on Neglect & Violation of elderly persons presented in National seminar of elderly abuse, Thiruvananthapuram.Google Scholar
  23. Prakash, R. 1999. Study of morbidity pattern among geriatric population in urban area of Udaipur, Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Community Medicine 29: 1–3.Google Scholar
  24. Reddy, K.N. 1992. Twilight years of life: Behavioural interventions. Paper presented in national seminar on “Healthy ageing—A life span perspective” at Department of Psychology Sri Venkeshwara University Tirupati.Google Scholar
  25. Reddy, P.J. 2004. Department. of population studies, SU Uni., Tirupati. Study on neglect of rural elderly female in Chitoor, AP. Presented in NS on elderly abuse in Thiruvananthapuram, 2004.Google Scholar
  26. Saritha, M. 2004. Elderly abuse—Study on elderly tribal widows. Paper presented in national seminar held Loyola College of Social Sciences, Thiruvanthrapuram.Google Scholar
  27. Soneja, S. 2000. Elderly abuse in India—Study conducted for help age India & report submitted to WHO, (www.usd.edu/eabuse/archives).
  28. Vadackumcherry, James. 2004. Nature, extent & intensity of violence on elderly-presented in National Seminar on elderly abuse, Thiruvananthapuram.Google Scholar
  29. Wolf, R.S. 1996. Elder abuse mandatory reporting revisited. In Violence, neglect, and elderly, ed. L.E. Cebik, G.C. Graber, and F.H. Marsh, 155–170. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Jawaharlal Nehru Studies CenterNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyJamia Millia IslamiaNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations