Background of the Foreign Worker Introduction

  • Yumiko NakaharaEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Economics book series (BRIEFSECONOMICS)


In 1989, the Taiwanese government legalized employing foreign labor because of a serious labor shortage. However, Taiwan continues to suffer from a labor shortage, which is greater in highly skilled than in unskilled labor. The unemployment rate for unskilled labor is relatively low, whereas that of university graduates has exceeded the average since 2005. One reason for the labor shortage is a low labor participation rate, which is caused by late participation in and early retirement from the labor market. The unskilled labor shortage, which is now considered to be filled by foreign labor to a certain extent, is caused in part by the popularization of higher education. In terms of the shortage in highly educated workers, three types of gaps have triggered this shortage. The demand for caregivers is also increasing because of the aging society, the rising labor participation rate among female workers, and maintenance of the traditional concept of caring for the aged as well as changes in family values.


Labor shortage Unemployment rate Foreign worker introduction Foreign caregiver Highly skilled human resources Late participation Early retirement 


  1. Council for Labor affairs, Executive Yuan (2000) Waiji bangyong ji waiji jyanhugweng dui guonei jyouye zh ingsyang (The effect of foreign domestic workers and foreign caregivers to the job opportunity of Taiwanese). Taipei (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  2. Department of Manpower Planning, Council for Economic Planning and Development, Executive Yuan (1989) Donqian laoli duancyue siansiang zh sinchen yu duice (The formation and the countermeasures of the current labor shortage phenomenon). Ind Free China 71(5):17–25 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. Department of Manpower Planning, Council for Economic Planning and Development, Executive Yuan (2005) Sinsheji dierci renli fazhan jihwa minguo 94 zh 97 nyan (The 2nd human resource development plan in the new century 2005—2007). Taipei (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. Huang TC (1997) Employee training and management development in Taiwan. Ind Free China 87(6):107–123Google Scholar
  5. Juan PL, Keng SS, Chen PS (2006) Cweng lyang rencai jiaoliou guandian tantao uoguo keji renli ziyuan peiyu wenti (Perspective on training and educating the human resources of science and technology in Taiwan from the exchange of cross-straits). Manpow J Natl Huwei Inst Technol 25(1):43–53 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. Lee JS (1995) Taiwan dicyu laodong sichang syaoneng de shzheng ianjyou (The empirical study about the labor market of Taiwan). In: Liu KC (ed) Taiwan renli zyuan lwenwen ji (Papers about human resources in Taiwan). Lyanjying, Taipei, pp 513–572 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  7. Lin KS (2010) Taiwan ni okeru koreika (Aging in Taiwan). In: Miura N (ed) Taiwan no toshi koreika to shakai ishiki (The aging of the metropolitan and social awareness in Taiwan). Keisuisha, Hiroshima, pp 15–31 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  8. Ministry of Education (2016) Jiaoyu twengji zhbyao zh guoji bijiao (International comparison of education statistical indicators 2016). Taipei (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  9. Miyamoto Y (2015) Taiwan no kaigo wo ninau tonan ajia karano dekasegi rodosha tachi (Study on foreign home-care givers in Taiwan). Bulletin of Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies of Culture, Doshisha Womenʼs Coll Lib Arts 32:54–70 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  10. Oxford Economics (2012) Global Talent 2021. OxfordGoogle Scholar
  11. Saito N (2015) Koreisha koyo repoto (Report on the employment of aged people), vol 11. Taiwan, Daiwa Institute of Research, Tokyo (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  12. Skeldon R (2006) Recent trends in migration in East and Southeast Asia. Asian Pac Migr J 15:277–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. The Japan Institute for Labour Policy and Training (2016) Databook of international labour statistics 2016. TokyoGoogle Scholar


  1. Commonwealth: 550, July 25, 2014. 573, May 27, 2015. 578, August 5, 2015. 580, September 2, 2015. 583, October 14, 2015Google Scholar
  2. Focus Taiwan News Channel: December 12, 2016Google Scholar
  3. Global Views: 352, October 2015Google Scholar
  4. Wealth Magazine: 302, May 2007Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ManagementKyushu Sangyo University,FukuokaJapan

Personalised recommendations