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Background of the Foreign Worker Introduction

  • Yumiko NakaharaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Economics book series (BRIEFSECONOMICS)

Abstract

In 1989, the Taiwanese government legalized employing foreign labor because of a serious labor shortage. However, Taiwan continues to suffer from a labor shortage, which is greater in highly skilled than in unskilled labor. The unemployment rate for unskilled labor is relatively low, whereas that of university graduates has exceeded the average since 2005. One reason for the labor shortage is a low labor participation rate, which is caused by late participation in and early retirement from the labor market. The unskilled labor shortage, which is now considered to be filled by foreign labor to a certain extent, is caused in part by the popularization of higher education. In terms of the shortage in highly educated workers, three types of gaps have triggered this shortage. The demand for caregivers is also increasing because of the aging society, the rising labor participation rate among female workers, and maintenance of the traditional concept of caring for the aged as well as changes in family values.

Keywords

Labor shortage Unemployment rate Foreign worker introduction Foreign caregiver Highly skilled human resources Late participation Early retirement 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ManagementKyushu Sangyo University,FukuokaJapan

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