Advertisement

Failure Analysis of HSS Punch Tool: A Case Study

  • Suraj Desai
  • B. V. Dilip Kumar Bhat
  • Guruvinder Singh
  • G. J. Naveen
  • P. Rangasamy
  • B. Jayadeva
  • P. Sampathkumaran
  • S. Seetharamu
  • G. Venkataramudu
  • H. B. Niranjan
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

The work reports the failure investigations of HSS M35 grade steel that is used as a punch tool during cold forging process. The test samples were prepared from the heat-treated tool material and studied for composition, hardness, retained austenite, and microstructure. The punch tool operates at 800 MT during cold forging. It had produced 800 nos. of forged components before its failure. It is observed from the results that composition, hardness, and microstructure are conforming to the standard HSS M35 grade tool steel. The retained austenite (RA) percentage of the tool is within the acceptable limits. Fractographic studies were conducted on the failed sample using scanning electron microscope (SEM) to examine the fractured features. The cause of failure has been arrived at based on the fractographic analysis as well as macro-visual inspection of the fixture that is employed to clamp the punch tool. It is observed that, at the inner portion of the fixture, the presence of small pits and rubbing marks/ridges has caused stress concentration zone, leading to breakage/failure.

Keywords

Punch tool Cold forging Fractography Fatigue failure Failure investigation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the management of Sambhram Institute of Technology, Essae Digitronics Pvt. Ltd., and Central Power Research Institute for having accorded permissions to present the paper.

References

  1. 1.
    Gupta HN, Gupta KC, Mittal A (2009) Book on manufacturing processes, 2nd edn. New Age International PublisherGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pandey PM. Metal forming process. http://paniit.iitd.ac.in/pmpandey
  3. 3.
    Ngaile G et al (ed) (2005) Cold and hot forging, fundamentals and applications. ASM International, Materials Park, OH, USAGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Raghavan V (2010) Physical metallurgy; principles and practice. PHI Learning (P) Ltd., New Delhi, pp 153–158Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Randedius M (2008) Influence of microstructure on fatigue and ductility properties of tool steel. Department of Materials Science, Royal Institute of Technology, SwedenGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Failure Analysis and Prevention, ASM Handbook, vol 11. ASM International, Materials Park, OH, USA, 2002Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suraj Desai
    • 1
  • B. V. Dilip Kumar Bhat
    • 1
  • Guruvinder Singh
    • 1
  • G. J. Naveen
    • 1
  • P. Rangasamy
    • 2
  • B. Jayadeva
    • 2
  • P. Sampathkumaran
    • 3
  • S. Seetharamu
    • 3
  • G. Venkataramudu
    • 1
  • H. B. Niranjan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSambhram Institute of TechnologyBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Essae Digitronics Pvt. Ltd.BangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Central Power Research InstituteBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations