Begomoviruses Associated with Horticultural Crops

Chapter

Abstract

The horticultural crops are severely threatened by many insects, pests and diseases. In this backdrop, viral diseases assume much greater significance as most of these viral diseases are transmitted through insects. The source of resistance for these viral diseases is scanty. Begomoviruses affect a large number of vegetables and few fruit crops. Begomoviruses cause significant crop losses in horticultural crops like tomato, okra, chilli, papaya, brinjal, cassava, squash, sweet potato, potato, etc. Despite the amount of efforts that has gone into the control of begomoviruses, sustained resistance has not been acquired in many crops. Obtaining crops resistant to begomoviruses is very difficult because the insect vector is whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) which develops resistance against insecticides, and it is increasingly spreading over large parts of the world. Molecular markers and other genomic information are allowing more precision breeding for greater tolerance to viral diseases in general and begomoviruses in particular. This chapter highlights many fruit and vegetable crops which are affected by begomoviruses.

Keywords

Begomovirus Whitefly Molecular markers Genomic 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Director of ICAR – Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow, India, for the support.

References

  1. Ali MI, Khan MA, Rashid A, Ehetisham-ul-haq M, Javed MT, Sajid M (2012) Epidemiology of okra yellow vein mosaic virus and its management through tracer, mycotal and imidacloprid. Am J Plant Sci 3:1741–1745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andrade EC, Manhani GG, Alfenas PF, Calegario RF, Fontes EP, Zerbini FM (2006) Tomato yellow spot virus, a tomato-infecting begomovirus from Brazil with a closer relationship to viruses from Sida sp., forms pseudorecombinants with begomoviruses from tomato but not from Sida. Gen Virol 87(12):3687–3696CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anonymous (2007) ABSP-II: fact sheet on fruit and shoot borer resistant eggplantGoogle Scholar
  4. Balamurugan A (2003) Bhendi Yellow Vein Mosaic. Plant DisGoogle Scholar
  5. Brown JK, Ostrow KM, Idris AM, Stenger DC (1999) Biotic, molecular, and phylogenetic characterization of bean calico mosaic virus, a distinct species with affiliation in the squash leaf curl virus cluster. Phytopathology 89(4):273–280Google Scholar
  6. Chadha KL, Chaudhary ML (2007) Report of the working group on horticultural, plantation crops and organic farming for the XI five year plan (2007–12). Planning Commission, Government of India, pp 4–40Google Scholar
  7. Chandel RS, Banyal DK, Singh BP, Malik K, Lakra BS (2010) Integrated management of whitefly Bemisia tabaci and potato apical leaf curl virus in India. Potato Res 53:129–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chang LS, Lee YS, Su HJ, Hung TH (2003) First report of papaya leaf curl virus infecting papaya plants in Taiwan. Plant Dis 87(2):204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chattopadhyay B, Singh AK, Yadav T, Fauquet CM, Sarin NB, Chakraborty S (2008) Infectivity of the cloned components of a begomovirus: DNA beta complex causing chilli leaf curl disease in India. Arch Virol 153:533–539CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Chung ML, Liao CH, Chen MJ, Chiu RJ (1985) The isolation, transmission and host range of sweet potato leaf curl disease agent in Taiwan. Plant Protect Bull (Taiwan) 27:333–341Google Scholar
  11. Clark CA, Hoy MW (2006) Effects of common viruses on yield and quality of Beauregard sweet potato in Louisiana. Plant Dis 90:83–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fauquet CM, Briddon RW, Brown JK, Moriones E, Stanley J, Zerbini M, Zhou X (2008) Geminivirus strain demarcation and nomenclature. Arch Virol 153:783–821CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Gilbertson RL, Rojas M, Natwick E (2011) Development of integrated pest management (IPM) strategies for whitefly (Bemisia tabaci)-transmissible geminiviruses, pp 323–356Google Scholar
  14. Glick M, Levy Y, Gafni Y (2009) The viral etiology of tomato yellow leaf curl disease. A review. Plant Protect Sci 3:81–97Google Scholar
  15. Goodman RM (1977) Single stranded DNA genome in a whitefly transmitted plant virus. Virol J 63:171–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Govindu JIC (1964) A review on virus diseases of crop plants. Info pamphlet no. 2 (Research Series). Directorate of Agriculture, Bangalore, India, pp 13Google Scholar
  17. Green SK, Tsai WS, Shih SL (2003) Molecular characterization of new begomovirus associated with tomato yellow leaf curl and eggplant yellow mosaic disease in Thailand. Plant Dis 87(4):446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Haber S, Ikegami M, Bajet NB, Goodman RM (1981) Evidence for a divided genome in bean golden mosaic virus, a geminivirus. Nature 289:324–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hamilton WDO, Bisaro DM, Cvoutts RHA, Buck KW (1983) Demonstration of the bipartite nature of genome of single stranded DNA plant virus by infection with the cloned DNA components. Nucleic Acid Res 11:7387–7396CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Huang JF, Zhou XP (2006) First report of papaya leaf curl China virus infecting Corchoropsis timentosa in China. Plant Pathol 55(2):291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hussain M, Mansoor S, Iram S, Zafar Y, Briddon RW (2004) First report of tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus affecting chilli pepper in Pakistan. Plant Pathol 53(6):794–794Google Scholar
  22. Jose J, Usha R (2003) Bhendi yellow vein mosaic disease in India caused by association of DNAB satellite with a begomovirus. J Virol 305(2):310–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Khan MS, Raj SK, Singh R (2006) First report of tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting chilli in India. Plant Pathol 55:289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Khan MS, Chun SC, Raj SK, Tiwari AK, Seth P (2011) First report of Indian Cassava mosaic virus on Chilli in India. J Plant Pathol 93(4):89Google Scholar
  25. Khan MS, Tiwari AK, Ji SH, Chun SC (2014) First report of Chilli leaf curl virus associated with leaf curl disease of potato in India. J Plant Pathol 96(4):116Google Scholar
  26. Khan MS, Tiwari AK, Ji SH, Chun SC (2015) First report of a Croton yellow vein mosaic virus (CYVMV) associated with tomato leaf curl disease in north India. J Phytopathol 163(9):777–779CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kim J, Kil EJ, Kim S, Seo H, Byun HS, Park J, Chung MN, Kwak HR, Kim MK, Kim CS, Yang JW, Lee KY, Choi HS, Lee S (2015) Seed transmission of sweet potato leaf curl virus in sweet potato. Plant Pathol 64(6):1284–1291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kulkarni GS (1924) Mosaic and other related diseases of crops in Bombay Presidency. Poona Agric Coll Mag 6:12Google Scholar
  29. Kushwaha N, Sahu PP, Prasad M, Chakraborty S (2015) Chilli leaf curl virus infection highlights the differential expression of genes involved in protein homeostasis and defense in resistant chilli plants. Appl Microbial Biotechnol 99(11):4757–4770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lefeuvre P, Martin DP, Harkins G, Lemey P, Gray AJA et al (2010) The spread of tomato yellow leaf curl virus from the Middle East to the world. PLoS Pathog 6(10):e1001164. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1001164 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  31. Liao CH, Chien K, Chung ML, Chiu RJ, Han YH (1979) A study of the sweetpotato virus disease in Taiwan. I. Sweet potato yellow spot virus disease. J Agric Res 28:127Google Scholar
  32. Mahesha VV, Manjunath M (2015) Diverse group of vegetable viral diseases, diagnostics and their management. E-Manual on Improved Production Technologies in Vegetable Crops: 261Google Scholar
  33. Melgarejo TA, Kon T, Rojas MR, Paz-Carrasco L, Zerbini FM, Gilbertson RL (2013) Characterization of a new world monopartite Begomovirus causing leaf curl disease of tomato in Ecuador and Peru reveals a new direction in geminivirus evolution. Virol J 83:10Google Scholar
  34. Morin S, Ghanim M, Zeidan M, Czosnek H, Verbeck M, van den Heuvel J (1999) A GroEL homologue from endosymbiotic bacteria of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci is implicated in the circulative transmission of tomato leaf curl virus. Virology 256:75–84CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Nadeem A, Mehmood T, Tahir M, Khalid S, Xiong Z (1997) First report of papaya leaf curl disease in Pakistan. Plant Dis 81(11):1333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ndunguru J, Legg JP, TAS A, Thompson G, Fauquet CM (2005) Molecular biodiversity of cassava begomoviruses in Tanzania: Evolution of cassava geminiviruses in Africa and evidence for East Africa being a centre of diversity of cassava geminiviruses. Virol J. doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-2-21
  37. Pandey P, Mukhopadhya S, Naqvi AR, Mukherjee SK, Shekhawat GS, Choudhury NR (2010a) Molecular characterization of two distinct monopartite begomoviruses infecting tomato in India. Virol J 7:337CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  38. Pandey SK, Mathur AC, Srivastava M (2010b) Management of leaf curl disease of Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) Int J Virol 6:246–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pradina PF, Luque A, Nome E, Lopez Colomba E, Delgado SF, Feo LD (2012) First report of sweet potato leaf curl virus infecting sweet potato in Argentina. Aust Plant Dis Notes 7(1):157–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Pratap D, Kashikar AR, Mukherjee SK (2011) Molecular characterization and infectivity of a tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus variant associated with newly emerging yellow mosaic disease of eggplant in India. Virol J 8:305CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  41. Pun KB, Doraiswamy S (1999) Effect of age of okra plants on susceptibility to Okra yellow vein mosaic virus. Ind J Virol 15:57–58Google Scholar
  42. Raj SK, Snehi SK, Khan MS, Singh R, Khan AA (2008) Molecular evidence for association of tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus with leaf curl disease of papaya (Carica papaya L.) in India. Aust Plant Dis Notes (3):152–155Google Scholar
  43. Raj SK, Kumar S, Srivastava A (2015) Association of tomato leaf curl Palampur virus with yellow mosaic disease of Armenian cucumber (Cucumis melo var. flexuoses) and wild melon (C. callosus var. agrestis) in India. Arch of Phytopathol and Plant Protect 48(9–12):751–759. doi: 10.1080/03235408.2016.1140561 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. van Regenmortel MHV, Fauquet CM, Bishop DHL, Carsters EB, Ester MK, Lemon SM, Maniloff J, Mayo MA, McGeoch DJ, Pringle CR, Wickner RB (2000) Virus taxonomy: classification and nomenclature of viruses. Seventh report of international committee on taxonomy of viruses. Academic, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  45. Roberts EJF, Buck KW, Coutts RHA (1986) A new geminivirus infecting potatoes in Venezuela. Plant Dis 70(6):603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Saeed ST, Khan A, Kumar B, Ajayakumar PV, Samad A (2016) First report of chilli leaf curl India virus infecting Mentha spicata (Neera) in India. Plant Dis 100(11):2340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Savary S, Ficke A, Aubertot JN, Hollier C (2012) Crop losses due to diseases and their implications for global food production losses and food security. Food Secur 4(4):519–537CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Saxena S, Hallan V, Singh BP, Sane PV (1998a) Leaf curl disease of Carica papaya from India may be caused by a bipartite geminivirus. Plant Dis 82(1):126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Saxena S, Hallan V, Singh BP, Sane PV (1998b) Evidence from nucleic acid hybridization test for a geminivirus infection causing leaf curl disease of papaya in India. Ind J Expt Biol 36:229–232Google Scholar
  50. Senanayake DMJB, Mandal B, Lodha S, Verma A (2006) First report of chilli leaf curl affecting chilli in India. J Food Agric Environ 4:171–174Google Scholar
  51. Singh P, Mazumdar-Leighton S, Mukherjee SK (2006) Papaya, leaf curl New Delhi virus isolate genome sequence. NCBI Database; Plant Molecular Biology ICGEB, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110067, India, Accession No. DQ989325 and DQ989326Google Scholar
  52. Singh AK, Chattopadhyay B, Chakraborty S (2012) Biology and interactions of two distinct monopartite begomoviruses and betasatellites associated with radish leaf curl disease in India. Virol J 9:43CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  53. Smil V (2000) Phosphorus in the environment: natural flows and human interferences. Annu Rev Energ Environ 25:53–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Stanley J (1983) Infectivity of the cloned geminivirus genome requires sequences from both DNAs. Nature 305:643–645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Strange RN, Scott PR (2005) Plant disease: a threat to global food security. Annu Rev of Plantpathol (43):83–116Google Scholar
  56. Sufrin-Ringwald T, Lapidot M (2011) Characterization of a synergistic interaction between two cucurbit-infecting begomoviruses: squash leaf curl virus and watermelon chlorotic stunt virus. Phytopathology 101:281–289CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Suresh LM, Malathi VG, Shivanna MB (2013) Molecular detection of begomoviruses associated with a new yellow leaf crumple disease of cucumber in Maharashtra, India. Indian Phytopath 66(3):294–301Google Scholar
  58. Teng PS, Krupa SV (1980) Crop loss assessment. Crop loss assessment (7):327Google Scholar
  59. Thomas KM, Krishnaswamy CS (1939) First report of papaya leaf curl virus infecting papaya plants. Curr Sci 8:316Google Scholar
  60. Thompson WMO (2011) The whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) interaction with Geminivirus-infected host plants. Springer, New York, p 396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Tiendrébéogo F, Lefeuvre P, Murielle H, Mireille AH, Alexandre DB, Julie V, Valentin SET, Gnissa K, Alfred ST, Nicolas B, Bernard R, Oumar T, Lett JM (2012) Evolution of African cassava mosaic virus by recombination between bipartite and monopartite begomoviruses. Virol J 9:67CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  62. Tiwari AK, Snehi SK, Singh R, Raj SK, Rao GP, Sharma PK (2012) Molecular identification and genetic diversity among six begomovirus isolates affecting cultivation of cucurbitaceous crops in Uttar Pradesh. Arch Phytopathol Plant Protect 45(1):62–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Trenado HP, Orilio AF, Marquez-Marti NB, Moriones E, Navas-Castillo J (2011) Sweepoviruses cause disease in sweet potato and related ipomoea spp.: fulfilling Koch’s postulates for a divergent group in the genus Begomovirus. PLoS One 6(11):e27329. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0027329 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  64. Tsai WS, Shih SL, Green SK, Rauf A, Hidayat SH, Jan FJ (2006) Molecular characterization of pepper yellow leaf curl Indonesia virus in leaf curl and yellowing diseased tomato and pepper in Indonesia. Plant Dis 90:247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. USAID (2005) Global horticulture assessment. University of California, Davis, p 11Google Scholar
  66. Usharani KS, Surendranath B, Khurana SMP, Garg ID, Malathi VG (2003) Potato leaf curl-a new disease of potato in north India caused by a strain of tomato leaf curl ND virus. New Dis Report 8:2Google Scholar
  67. Van Droogenbroeck B, Kyndt T, Maertens I, Romeijn-Peeters E, Scheldeman X, Romero-Motochi JP, Van Damme P, Goetghebeur P, Gheysen G (2004) Phylogenetic analysis of the highland papayas (Vasconcellea) and allied genera (Caricaceae) using PCR-RFLP. Theor App Gen 108(8):1473–1486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Venkataravanappa V, Reddy CNL, Swaranalatha P, Jalali S, Briddon RW, Reddy MK (2011) Diversity and phylogeography of begomovirus associated beta satellites of okra in India. Virol J 8:555CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  69. Venkatesh KM, Munniyappa V, Ravi KS, Krishnaprasad PR (1998) Management of Chilli Leaf Curl Complex. In: Advances in IPM for Horticulture Crops. Department of Agricultural Entomology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Bangalore, India, pp 111–117Google Scholar
  70. Wang X, Xie Y, Zhou X (2004) Molecular characterization of two distinct Begomoviruses from papaya in China. Virus Genes 29(3):303–309CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Xie Y, Zhou XP (2003) Molecular characterization of squash leaf curl Yunnan virus, a new begomovirus and evidence for recombination. Arch Virol 148:2047–2054. doi: 10.1007/s00705-003-0153-2 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Yang X, Guo W, Ma X, An Q, Zhou X (2011) Molecular characterization of tomato leaf curl China virus, infecting tomato plants in China and functional analyses of its associated Betasatellite. App Environ Microbiol 9(77):3092–3101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Yuanfu J, Schuster DJ, Scott JW (2007) Ty-3, a begomovirus resistance locus near the tomato yellow leaf curl virus resistance locus Ty-1 on chromosome 6 of tomato. Mol Breed 20:271–284. doi: 10.1007/s11032-007-9089-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Zhang LB, Zhou GH, Li HP, Zhang SG (2005) Molecular characterization of papaya leaf curl virus infecting Carica papaya in Guangzhou and its biological test. Sci Agric Sinica 38(9):1805–1810Google Scholar
  75. Praveen S, Kushwaha CM, Mishra AK, Singh V, Jain RK, Varma A (2005) Engineering tomato for resistance to tomato leaf curl disease using viral rep gene sequences. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 83(3):311–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICAR-Central Institute for Subtropical HorticultureLucknowIndia

Personalised recommendations