Begomoviruses Associated with Horticultural Crops



The horticultural crops are severely threatened by many insects, pests and diseases. In this backdrop, viral diseases assume much greater significance as most of these viral diseases are transmitted through insects. The source of resistance for these viral diseases is scanty. Begomoviruses affect a large number of vegetables and few fruit crops. Begomoviruses cause significant crop losses in horticultural crops like tomato, okra, chilli, papaya, brinjal, cassava, squash, sweet potato, potato, etc. Despite the amount of efforts that has gone into the control of begomoviruses, sustained resistance has not been acquired in many crops. Obtaining crops resistant to begomoviruses is very difficult because the insect vector is whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) which develops resistance against insecticides, and it is increasingly spreading over large parts of the world. Molecular markers and other genomic information are allowing more precision breeding for greater tolerance to viral diseases in general and begomoviruses in particular. This chapter highlights many fruit and vegetable crops which are affected by begomoviruses.


Begomovirus Whitefly Molecular markers Genomic 



The authors are grateful to the Director of ICAR – Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow, India, for the support.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICAR-Central Institute for Subtropical HorticultureLucknowIndia

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