Begomoviruses in Cuba: Brief History and Current Status

  • Yamila Martínez-Zubiaur
  • Lidia Chang-Sidorchuk
  • Heidy González-Álvarez
Chapter

Abstract

The geminiviruses comprise a biologically and genetically diverse family (Geminiviridae) of viruses that are causal agents of extremely damaging diseases in a wide range of crops throughout the world. The genus Begomovirus can be subdivided into two large groups: (a) viruses with monopartite genome, prevalent in the Old World, and (b) viruses with bipartite genome, prevalent in the New World. They are plant pathogens, which have caused important losses to crops of economic interest in the last decade. This review presents a brief history about the presence of genus Begomovirus in Cuba, the impact of the introduction of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus-Bemisia tabaci biotype B complex into tomato crops, the research work developed for understanding the severe outbreaks and the current situation of begomoviruses in cultivable and noncultivable ecosystems, and their phylogenetic relationships. The research done supports the integrated management programs of these pathogens with a more far-reaching conception and integrating strategies and tactics to prevent and control them with lesser effects on the environment.

Keywords

Cuban begomovirus Whitefly 

Notes

Acknowledgments

To Dr. Eduardo Sistachs, for the critical review of the manuscript and translation into English. The Cuban Ministries of Science and Technology, High Education, and Agriculture have supported the research works. We are also grateful to the International Scientific Cooperation Projects (ICA4-2001-10002) for the financial support and to international agencies like CONACYT and AECID that permitted participants to train and carry out research works.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yamila Martínez-Zubiaur
    • 1
  • Lidia Chang-Sidorchuk
    • 1
  • Heidy González-Álvarez
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Pathology DepartmentNational Center for Animal and Plant Heath, CENSASan José de las LajasCuba

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