Begomovirus in Taiwan

Chapter

Abstract

Begomoviruses (whitefly-transmitted geminiviruses) have been considered as the most important pathogen constraining crop productions in tropical and subtropical regions. In Taiwan, the earliest Begomovirus-like disease is reported in 1946. In 1981, Begomovirus disease was discovered and confirmed to damage cropping of tomato plants, constraining the production after the 1990s. Consequentially, tomato resistance breeding as well as transgenic resistance was conducted against the disease. Most Begomovirus diseases on crops and weeds were observed following the molecular identification in this century. Up to date, begomoviruses were detected in cucurbits, legumes, papaya, passion fruit, tomato, pepper, and weeds in Taiwan. As Begomovirus diseases cause significant yield losses in crops in Taiwan, net protection has been suggested to reduce the usage of pesticides. Combining the resistant cultivars and net protection has also revealed the best management of tomato Begomovirus disease. This strategy may be useful for controlling begomoviral diseases in Taiwan and worldwide.

Keywords

Ageratum Cucurbits Ceylon Pouzolzia Legume Papaya Passion fruit Pepper Ornamental plant Sweet potato Taiwan Begomovirus Tomato Velvet bean 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant MedicineNational Chiayi UniversityChiayiRepublic of China

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