The Physical Linked-Measure Works as Vortex with Linking to Turbulence

  • Fred Y. YeEmail author
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)


A physical linked-measure is mathematically consisted of a complex scalar, a complex vector and a bi-vector and is geometrically equivalent to a vortex. When the complex scalar means mass, the complex vector implies directed momentum and the bi-vector rotates angular momentum, with using the least action principle to the linked-measure, yielding energy-mass-momentum-angular momentum joint conservation.



This chapter is a revision of the original version published at Physical Journal, 2015, 1(3): 209–215


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and Science Press 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nanjing UniversityNanjingChina

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