A Cubic Integrated Economic Model for Macro-Economic Analysis

  • Fred Y. YeEmail author
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)


A novel cubic integrated economic model is developed by extending synthetic economic model, with arranging total economic quantities at horizontal coordinate and relative economic rates at other coordinates.



This chapter is a revision of the original version published at Euro-Asian Journal of Economics and Finance, 2017, 5(1): 1–10.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and Science Press 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nanjing UniversityNanjingChina

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