Physical and Chemical Properties of Mahua and Sal Seed Oils

  • Deepak Kumar
  • Vijay Kumar Chibber
  • Ajay Singh
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 624)


Bio-lubricants are the emerging outcomes of the vegetable oils that can be used for several applications in machines and engines. They are very much helpful for providing the frictionless wear and tear operations under certain operating and controlling conditions of machines. Researches have focused in the study and analysis of the tribiological characteristics of the vegetable oils. Some vegetable oils are edible, and some are no edible. This chapter focuses on the characteristics of vegetable oils specifically non-edible oils which are great source of bio-lubricants. The petroleum production and final composition in lubricants contain 60–99% base oil and the remaining as additives, based on the desired performance. The main focus of study is carried on mahua and sal seed oils. The oils can be used in electrical machines, mechanical systems and rotary mills. The comparative study is also carried for mahua, coconut, palm, sal, neem, olive, castor, canola, cashew nut and jatropha.


Bio-lubricants Oil extraction Fatty acids 


  1. 1.
    A. Demirbas “Progress and recent trends in biodiesel fuels” “Energy Conversion and Management”, Elsevier, Vol. 50, (2009), pp (14–34).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. M. Liaquat, H. H. Masjuki, M. A. Kalam, M. Varman, M. A. Hazrat, M. Shahabuddin, M. Mofijur “Application of blend fuels in a diesel engine” 2nd International Conference on Advances in Energy Engineering (ICAEE), Energy Procedia, Vol. 14, 2012, pp(1124–2233)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. Kumar, G. Kumar, Poonam, C. P. Singh “Fast, easy ethanolysis of coconut oil for biodiesel production assisted by ultrasonication” Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, Elsevier, Vol. 17 (2010), pp (555–559).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. Lomonaco, F. Jonas N. Maia, C. S. Clemente, J. P. F. Mota, A. E. Costa Junior, S. E. Mazzetto “Thermal studies of new biodiesel antioxidants synthesized from a natural occurring phenolic lipid” Fuel Elsevier, Vol. 97, (2012), pp (552–559).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    L. F. Chuah, S. Yusup, A. R. A. Aziz, J. J. Klemes, A. Bokhari, M. Z. Abdullah “Influence of fatty acids content in non-edible oil for biodiesel properties” Clean Techn Environ Policy, Springer, Vol. 18, (2016), pp (473–482).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. D. M. Araújo, C. C. Andrade, E. S. Silva, F. A. Dupas “Biodiesel production from used cooking oil: A review” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews Vol. 27, (2013), pp (445–452).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
    G. Koçar, N. Civaş “An overview of biofuels from energy crops: Current status and future prospects” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 28, (2013), pp (900–916).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. Simasatitkul, R. Gani, A. Arpornwichanop “20th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA 2012, Prague, Czech Republic” Procedia Engineering, Elsevier, Vol. 42, (2012), pp (1292–1301).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. S. V. Krishna Reddy, Naval Kabra, Umesh Kunchum, and T. Vijayakumar “Experimental Investigation on Usage of Palm Oil as a Lubricant to Substitute Mineral Oil in CI Engines” Chinese Journal of Engineering Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 643521, 5 pages
  12. 12.
    M. H. Ali, M. Mashud, M. R. Rubel, R. H. Ahmad “Biodiesel from Neem oil as an alternative fuel for Diesel engine” 5th BSME International Conference on Thermal Engineering, Procedia Engineering, Elsevier, Vol. 56 (2013), pp (625–630).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deepak Kumar
    • 1
  • Vijay Kumar Chibber
    • 2
  • Ajay Singh
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUttarakhand Technical UniversityDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryBaba Farid Institute of Technology (BFIT)DehradunIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryUttaranchal UniversityDehradunIndia

Personalised recommendations