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Retroperitoneal Space and Adrenal Gland Scanning

  • Mei ZhangEmail author
  • Jian Liu
Chapter

Abstract

The objective of this chapter is to teach the readers to learn to operate scanning of the adrenal glands and organs in retroperitoneal space, and recognize the image figures. The contents contain the scanning method, section structures, measuring method and normal, and clinical application value of the retroperitoneal space.There are the pancreas, duodenum, adrenal glands, kidneys, and large blood vessels in the retroperitoneal space. The patient’s position and preparation before examination, the location and direction of the transducer are described in the scanning methods. The scanning range includes the scans on upper abdomen, middle abdomen, and lower abdomen. Transversely, longitudinal and oblique scanning methods are introduced. The section structures show the location of every cavities of the retroperitoneal space and the landmark for judging the organs in the retroperitoneal space. The measuring methods and normal describe the specification requirement of measurements in standard section and the normal range.

Keywords

Ultrasonography Atlas Scan Scanning method Retroperitoneal space Adrenal gland Abdominal aorta Inferior vena cava Pancreas Kidneys Duodenum Schematic diagram 

Abbreviations

AA

Abdominal aorta

AG

Adrenal gland (SAG suprarenal gland)

Ao

Aorta

AU

Antrum

CBD

Common bile ductDia diaphragm

CA

Celiac artery

CHD

Common hepatic duct

CHA

Common hepatic artery

DAo

Descending aorta

Dia

Diaphragm

DU

Duodenum

E

Esophagus

GB

Gallbladder

HA

Hepatic artery

IVC

Inferior vena cave

LAD (LAG)

Left adrenal gland (left suprarenal gland)

LK

Left kidney

LL

Left liver lobe

LRA

Left renal artery

LRV

Left renal vein

P

Pancreas

PB

Pancreatic body

PH

Pancreatic head

PHA

Proper hepatic artery

RA

Renal artery

PT

Pancreatic tail

Ps

Psoas

PV

Portal vein

RAG

Right adrenal gland

RK

Renal kidney

RL

Right liver lobe

RPV

Right portal vein

RRA

Right renal artery

RRV

Right renal vein

RV

Renal vein

SA

Spleen artery

SMA

Superior mesenteric artery

SMV

Superior mesenteric vein

S

Spine

Sp

Spleen

SpA

Splenic artery

SpV

Splenic vein

St

Stomach

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Military Medical Press 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ultrasonic Diagnosis Department, Beijing Royal Integrative Medicine HospitalBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of UltrasoundThe First Affiliated Hospital of Chinese PLA General HospitalBeijing HaidianPeople’s Republic of China

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