Frequency Fractal Behavior in the Retina Nano-Center-Fed Dipole Antenna Network of a Human Eye

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 584)


The retina nano-antenna shows a major characteristic of the center-fed dipole antenna’s working in the visible region. The cellular assembly that might work as a network of antennas is analyzed here. The collective response of various cone cells holds the geometric features of the antenna network. The fractal arrangement of the antenna lattice holds various symmetries during electromagnetic signal processing, and each symmetry generates a peak in the resonance band. Using true biological structural data, we have identified the resonance frequency spectrum of entire nano-network of cone and rod cells in a human eye.


Bio-inspired antenna Result analysis 



J.E. Lugo thanks the magnetophotonics material SEP-PRODEP grant.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Amity School of Applied ScienceAmity University RajasthanJaipurIndia
  2. 2.Visual Perception and Psychophysics Laboratory, School of OptometryUniversite de MontrealMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Manipal UniversityJaipurIndia
  4. 4.Natural Products Chemistry DivisionCSIR-North East Institute of Science & TechnologyJorhatIndia
  5. 5.Advanced Key Technologies Division, Advanced Nano Characterization CenterNational Institute for Materials ScienceTsukubaJapan

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