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Natural Resource Management and Environmental Protection in Rural China

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Part of the Research Series on the Chinese Dream and China’s Development Path book series (RSCDCDP)

Abstract

The development of China’s rural natural resource management and environmental protection has happened against a backdrop of constantly accelerating urbanization and industrialization, ever tightening land resource supplies, and growing pressure to improve environmental quality.

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Fig. 1

Notes

  1. 1.

    Chen, Baiming, Song, Wei, Tang, Xiumei. “Rough Estimation on Land Quality Changes of China in Recent Years.” China Land Science, 24(5): 4–8.

  2. 2.

    State Forestry Administration of China. (2011). “Basic Conditions of the Forestry Industry in China in 2011.” http://www.forestry.gov.cn/CommonAction.do?dispatch=index&colid=58. 18 July 2011.

  3. 3.

    Gao, Hongbin. (2011). “Firmly Grasping Opportunities, Strengthening Oversight over Execution of the Law, and Striving to Promote Grassland Protections and Climbing to a New Level of Construction.” Department of Livestock Production of Ministry of Agriculture of China. http://www.xmys.moa.gov.cn. 21 September 2011.

  4. 4.

    Chen, Lei. (2012) “A New Chapter in Deepening Thorough Implementation of Water and Soil Conservation and Ecological Construction Per Central Policy Deployments—Speech at the 2012 Nationwide Water and Soil Conservation Work Conference.” Official Website of China Soil and Water Conservation and Ecological Construction. http://www.swcc.org.cn/. February 25, 2012.

  5. 5.

    http://scitech.people.com.cn/GB/10962156.html. 9 February 2010.

  6. 6.

    Ministry of Environmental Protection. (2009). “Explanation of System of Policies on Technology for Prevention and Treatment of Pollution from the Husbandry Industry ‘Draft Soliciting Requests.’” http://www.mep.gov.cn/gkml/hbb/bgth/200910/W020090918349658446952.pdf.

  7. 7.

    Gao, Hongbin. (2011). “Firmly Grasping Opportunities, Strengthening Oversight over Execution of the Law, and Striving to Promote Grassland Protections and Climbing to a New Level of Construction.” Department of Livestock Production of Ministry of Agriculture of China. http://www.xmys.moa.gov.cn. 21 September 2011.

  8. 8.

    The term refers to trees that produce edible oils, such as tea trees cultivated specifically for tea seed oil production—translator’s note.

  9. 9.

    Xu, Shaoshi. “Speech at Nationwide Land Resources Work Conference.” Official Website of Ministry of Land and Resources of China. January 7, 2012, http://www.mlr.gov.cn/xwdt/jrxw/201201/t20120107_1055778.htm.

  10. 10.

    “Zhang, Jianlong. “Proposes Five Focus Areas for Deepening Forestry Reforms at the Nationwide Forestry Reforms Department Head Conference.” Rural Forestry Reforms and Development Bureau, March 12, 2012, http://lgs.forestry.gov.cn.

  11. 11.

    Ma, Youxiang. “Conditions and Tasks in the Work of New Government Administration and Management of Grasslands.” China Grasslands website, July 2, 2012.

  12. 12.

    As of the end of 2009, 180,000 soil and agricultural product samples from 65,637 survey locations had been collected and analyzed. Over 4.7 million pieces of observation data and 2.05 million pieces of outdoor environmental data had been entered into the database, with over 10,000 images created and over 15,000 person-times of training conducted. After this program is completed, we will have nationwide data on soil pollution, the scope of pollution, and primary sources and degrees of pollution, which will lay a foundation for management of the environment and soil.

  13. 13.

    Zhang, Nan, “Looking Back on New Glory Created During the ‘Eleventh Five-Year Plan’; Exploring New Roads; Realizing New Crossover,” China Financial and Economic News, January 13, 2011.

  14. 14.

    “The Central Government Allocates 5.5 Billion Yuan to Comprehensively Treating Rural Environment This Year.” China Financial and Economic News, February 9, 2012.

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Correspondence to Xiaoshan Zhang .

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Zhang, X., Li, Z. (2018). Natural Resource Management and Environmental Protection in Rural China. In: China’s Rural Development Road. Research Series on the Chinese Dream and China’s Development Path. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5646-8_15

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