Soil Properties of Organic and Conventional Farming Systems

  • Mrinila Singh
  • Keshav Lall Maharjan
Chapter

Abstract

Soil has a dominant role to play in improving crop productivity. Farmers use both organic and conventional means of soil amendments to maintain its fertility. This chapter analyzes the difference in soil quality of organic and conventional farms that are known to rely on sustainable and unsustainable means of soil fertility management practices, respectively. The study was conducted in Chitwan District of Nepal where both kinds of farming systems are known to coexist. The soil was tested on the basis of most common parameters: texture, pH value, organic matter, and nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium level. No significant difference was found between the two soil types except for phosphorus and potassium level, which are significantly higher in organic soil but higher overall according to the nationally defined limit. The overall soil texture is sandy loam, moderately acidic with medium level of organic matter and nitrogen. While in present context, soil quality might not deviate much between organic and conventional soil, the same cannot be implied for the future as environmental change takes place after many years of accumulated processes.

Keywords

Soil texture Soil texture triangle pH Organic matter Macronutrients 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mrinila Singh
    • 1
  • Keshav Lall Maharjan
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School for International Development and CooperationHiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan

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