Advertisement

Status and Scope of Organic Farming in Nepal

  • Mrinila Singh
  • Keshav Lall Maharjan
Chapter

Abstract

Agriculture being the source of food, income, and employment for majority of the population, Nepal government has always emphasized this sector for dealing with key issues of poverty alleviation and economic development . Its support however is mostly inclined toward conventional farming. Organic farming holds a lot of potential in Nepal due to exclusion of costly agrochemicals, ecological diversities, and higher labor availability in farming sector. Besides, it also tackles the issue of climate change, food insecurity, and negative impact of conventional farming that have started to be realized in areas where use of chemicals is higher. While government has started to realize its importance and has come up with consistent policies, lack of adequate and integrated research, extension, manpower, and other support on organic farming production, marketing, and input supply have hindered the development of organic farming.

Keywords

Nepal Organic by default Institutional role Climate change Food insecurity 

References

  1. Adhikari RK (2011) Economics of organic rice production. J Agricult Environ 12:97–103Google Scholar
  2. Atreya K (2015) In search of sustainable agriculture: a review of national policies relating to organic agriculture in Nepal. Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bioresources (ANSAB), KathmanduGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhandari DR (2006) Community level organic vegetable production program: an experience of Kathmandu district. In: Proceedings of a first national workshop on organic farming. Directorate of Agriculture Extension (DoAE), LalitpurGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhatta GD (2010) Stakeholder and spatial perspectives of organic farming in Nepal. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, DeutschlandGoogle Scholar
  5. Bhatta GD, Doppler W (2010) Socio-economic and environmental aspects of farming practices in the peri-urban hinterlands of Nepal. J Agricult Environ 11:26–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bhattarai M (2006) Nepal. Keio University, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  7. Bishwajit G, Sarker S, Kpoghomou MA, Gao H, Jun L, Yin D, Ghosh S (2013) Self-sufficiency in rice and food security: a South Asian perspective. Agricult Food Security 2:10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brandt K (2007) Organic agriculture and food utilization. Newcastle University, United KingdomGoogle Scholar
  9. CBS (2011) Preliminary result of national population census 2011. National Planning Commission Secretariat, Central Bureau of Statistics, KathmanduGoogle Scholar
  10. CBS (2013) Nepal thematic report on food security and nutrition. National Planning Commission, Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), KathmanduGoogle Scholar
  11. DoAE (2006) Proceedings of a first national workshop on organic farming. Directorate of Agriculture Extension (DoAE), LalitpurGoogle Scholar
  12. FAO (2006) Food security. Agriculture and Development Economics Division (ESA), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), RomeGoogle Scholar
  13. FAO (2008) Climate change and food security: a framework document. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, RomeGoogle Scholar
  14. Ghimire S, Dhungana SM, Vijesh VK, Teufel N, Sherchan DP (2012) Biophysical and socioeconomic characterization of the cereal production systems of Central Nepal. Socioeconomics Program Working Paper 9, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), MexicoGoogle Scholar
  15. IFOAM (2009) High sequestration low emission food secure farming. International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements, BonnGoogle Scholar
  16. Karki YK (2015) Nepal Portfolio Performance Review (NPPR). Ministry of Agricultural Development (MoAD), KathmanduGoogle Scholar
  17. KC GK (2006) An idea on organic agriculture system in Nepal. Proceedings of a first national workshop on organic farming. Directorate of Agriculture Extension, Kathmandu, pp 10–26Google Scholar
  18. Kinyangi J (2007) Soil health and soil quality: a review. http://www.worldaginfo.org/files/Soil%20Health%20Review.pdf. Retrieved 7 Nov 2011
  19. Koirala P, Dhakal S, Tamrakar AS (2009) Pesticide application and food safety issue in Nepal. J Agricul Environ 10:111–114Google Scholar
  20. Mallick V (2012) Policy and regulatory requirements for agricultural commercialization in Nepal. Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MoAC), KathmanduGoogle Scholar
  21. MoAD (2015) Ministry of Agriculture Development (MoAD). .Welcome to Department of Agriculture. http://www.doanepal.gov.np/. Retrieved 17 Jan 2015
  22. MoE (2011) Status of climate change in Nepal. Ministry of Environment, Government of Nepal, KathmanduGoogle Scholar
  23. Niggli U, Schmid H, Fliessbach A (2007) Organic farming and climate change. Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), FrickGoogle Scholar
  24. Palikhe B (2002) Challenges and options of pesticide use: in the context of Nepal. Landschaftsökologie und Umweltforschung 38:130–141Google Scholar
  25. Pandey B (2012) State policy and institutional arrangement on organic agriculture promotion. Proceedings of the national workshop on organic agriculture-practice to policy, Nepal Permaculture Group (NPG), Lalitpur, pp 24–27Google Scholar
  26. Pant KP (2006) Policies and strategies of Nepal government to promote organic farming in the context of Nepal’s membership to WTO. Proceedings of a first national workshop on organic farming. Directorate of Agriculture Extension (DoAE), LalitpurGoogle Scholar
  27. Paudel MN (2016) Prospects and limitations of agriculture industrialization in Nepal. Agronom J Nepal 4:38–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pokhrel DM, Pant KP (2009) Perspective of organic agriculture and policy concerns in Nepal. J Agricult Environ 10:89–99Google Scholar
  29. Rahija M, Shrestha HK, Stads GJ (2011) Nepal: recent developments in public agricultural research. Agricultural Science & Technology Indicators (ASTI), KathmanduGoogle Scholar
  30. Regmi HR (2007) Effect of unusual weather on cereal crops production and household food security. J Agricult Environ 8:20–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Samie A, Abedullah AM, Kouser S (2010) Economics of conventional and partial organic farming systems and implications for resource utilization in Punjab (Pakistan). Pak Econom Soc Rev 48(2):245–260Google Scholar
  32. Samriddhi (2011) Commercialization of agriculture in Nepal. Samriddhi – The prosperity foundation, KathmanduGoogle Scholar
  33. Scialabba NEH (2007) Organic agriculture and food security. International conference on organic agriculture and food security. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), RomeGoogle Scholar
  34. SECARD (2011) Market oriented organic agriculture promotion project in Chitwan district of Nepal. SECARD, KathmanduGoogle Scholar
  35. Shah BP, Devkota B (2009) Obsolete pesticides: their environmental and human health hazards. J Agricult Environ 10:51–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Shrestha PL, Neupane FP (2002) Socio-economic contexts on pesticide use in Nepal. Landschaftsökologie und Umweltforschung 38:205–223Google Scholar
  37. Shrestha RK (2010) Fertilizer policy development in Nepal. J Agricult Environ 11:126–137Google Scholar
  38. Sligh M, Christman C (2007) Organic agriculture and access to food. International conference on organic agriculture and food security. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), RomeGoogle Scholar
  39. Smith P, Martino D, Cai Z, Gwary D, Janzen H, Kumar P, McCarl B, Ogle S, O’Mara F, Rice C, Scholes B, Sirotenko O (2007) Agriculture. In: Metz B, Davidson OR, Bosch PR, Dave R, Meyer LA (eds) Climate change 2007: contribution of working group III to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  40. Tamang S, Dhital M, Acharya U (2011) Status and scope of organic agriculture in Nepal. Food and Sustainable Agriculture Initiative. ForestAction, LalitpurGoogle Scholar
  41. Vaidya GS, Shrestha K, Wallander H (2008) Effect of plant residue on AM fungi. Scientific World 6(6):85–88Google Scholar
  42. Weiss J (2004) Global organics. http://newhope360.com/agriculture/global-organics. Retrieved 16 Mar 2012
  43. WFP (2009) .The future of food: Creating sustainable communities through climate adaptation. http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/F1AA71E084C1D47B852576BD00634D1A-Full_Report.pdf. Retrieved 10 Dec 2011
  44. Willer H, Kilcher L (2009) The world of organic agriculture: statistics and emerging trends. International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM)/Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Bonn/FrickGoogle Scholar
  45. Willer H, Kilcher L (2010) The world of organic agriculture: statistics and emerging trends. International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM)/Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Bonn/FrickGoogle Scholar
  46. Willer H, Kilcher L (2012) The world of organic agriculture: statistics and emerging trends. International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM)/Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Bonn/FrickGoogle Scholar
  47. Willer H, Lernoud J (2016) The world of organic agriculture: statistics and emerging trends. International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM)/Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Bonn/FrickGoogle Scholar
  48. Willer H, Yussefi M (2006) The world of organic agriculture: statistics and emerging trends. International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM)/Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Bonn/FrickGoogle Scholar
  49. World Bank (2015) Nepal: country overview. http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/nepal/overview. Retrieved 20 July 2015
  50. Yussefi M, Willer H (2003) The world of organic agriculture: statistics and emerging trends. International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM)/Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Bonn/FrickGoogle Scholar
  51. Zundel C, Kilcher L (2007) Organic agriculture and food availability. Research Institute for Organic Agriculture (FiBL), FrickGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mrinila Singh
    • 1
  • Keshav Lall Maharjan
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School for International Development and CooperationHiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan

Personalised recommendations