The Structure of Pollen

  • Jae-Won Oh


In plants, the life cycle is an alternation between a diploid, spore-producing multicellular generation (the sporophyte) and a haploid, also multicellular generation (the gametophyte), producing sperm and/or egg cells [1, 2]. Pollen is a biological structure functioning as a container, in which is housed male gametophyte generation of the angiosperms and gymnosperms. Such a container is an evolutionary adaptation for life out of water because it protects male gametes from adverse atmospheric influence while transferring from anthers to pistils.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jae-Won Oh
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of PediatricsHanyang University College of MedicineSeoulRepublic of Korea

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