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What Makes Enterprises in Auto Component Industry Perform? Emerging Role of Labour, Information Technology, and Knowledge Management

  • G. D. Bino PaulEmail author
  • G. Jaganth
  • Minz Johnson Abhishek
  • S. Rahul
Chapter
Part of the India Studies in Business and Economics book series (ISBE)

Abstract

Auto component industry is an interesting variant of business that is located in the context of dynamic value chain. While one end of the value chain is the sophisticated-oligopolistic original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), the other end has suppliers who are small and medium enterprises. In the whole length and breadth of this value chain, suppliers include small, medium, and large enterprises. Broadly, these enterprises are of two types: organised and unorganised. Unlike in the case of large multinational enterprises, auto component suppliers, in particular small and medium enterprises (SMEs), are not so well endowed to invest in research development and exhaustive capability building endeavours. However, as elucidated in the extant literature on SMEs, a prudent option for these enterprises is to build and foster absorptive capacities that synergise labour, information technology, and knowledge management. To gauge these themes, we analyse four types of data. First, we examine recent time series of select variables that delineate the basic dynamics of performance and resources of organised auto component industry in India. Second, we lay focus on cross-sectional enterprise data drawn from 2012 to 2013 Annual Survey of Industries. Third, we analyse 67th round, for the year 2009–2010, of National Sample Survey, to examine unorganised auto component industry in India. Fourth, we use field data, collected in 2016, to discuss multidimensional aspects of knowledge management, technology, learning, labour, and outcomes, based on a survey conducted in Pune, Maharashtra, India. We conclude that auto component manufacturers seem to rely more on labour, information technology, and attainments like ISO to perform well in the business. While automation appears to be a catching up trend in the value chain, use of information technology seems to be the game-changer as far as value added is concerned. Drawing cues from patterns and inferences presented in our paper, for enterprises in the auto component value chain, be they are in the organised and unorganised sector, whether they are small or medium, it is important to create synergies between human resources and information and communication technologies to scale up a sustained higher order performance.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. D. Bino Paul
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. Jaganth
    • 1
  • Minz Johnson Abhishek
    • 1
  • S. Rahul
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Management and Labour StudiesTata Institute of Social SciencesMumbaiIndia

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