Arc Welding Processes for Additive Manufacturing: A Review

  • Zengxi Pan
  • Donghong DingEmail author
  • Bintao Wu
  • Dominic Cuiuri
  • Huijun Li
  • John Norrish
Conference paper
Part of the Transactions on Intelligent Welding Manufacturing book series (TRINWM)


Arc-welding based additive manufacturing techniques are attracting interest from the manufacturing industry because of their potential to fabricate large metal components with low cost and short production lead time. This paper introduces wire arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) techniques, reviews mechanical properties of additively manufactured metallic components, summarises the development in process planning, sensing and control of WAAM, and finally provides recommendations for future work. Research indicates that the mechanical properties of additively manufactured materials, such as titanium alloy, are comparable to cast or wrought material. It has also been found that twin-wire WAAM has the capability to fabricate intermetallic alloys and functional graded materials. The paper concludes that WAAM is a promising alternative to traditional subtractive manufacturing for fabricating large expensive metal components. On the basis of current trends, the future outlook will include automated process planning, monitoring, and control for WAAM process.


Arc welding Additive manufacturing Review Materials Automation Control 



This research was carried out at the Materials Research Lab, University of Wollongong. The work was supported by Defence Materials Technologies Centre (DMTC), which was established and is supported by the Australia Government’s Defence Future Capability Technology Centre (DFCTC) initiative.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zengxi Pan
    • 1
  • Donghong Ding
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bintao Wu
    • 1
  • Dominic Cuiuri
    • 1
  • Huijun Li
    • 1
  • John Norrish
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering and Information Science, School of Mechanical, Materials, and Mechatronics EngineeringUniversity of WollongongWollongongAustralia

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