Mapping Out Emerging Network Structures in Dynamic Network Models Coupled with Epidemics
We consider the susceptible – infected – susceptible (SIS) epidemic on a dynamic network model with addition and deletion of links depending on node status. We analyse the resulting pairwise model using classical bifurcation theory to map out the spectrum of all possible epidemic behaviours. However, the major focus of the chapter is on the evolution and possible equilibria of the resulting networks. Whereas most studies are driven by determining system-level outcomes, e.g., whether the epidemic dies out or becomes endemic, with little regard for the emerging network structure, here, we want to buck this trend by augmenting the system-level results with mapping out of the structure and properties of the resulting networks. We find that depending on parameter values the network can become disconnected and show bistable-like behaviour whereas the endemic steady state sees the emergence of networks with qualitatively different degree distributions. In particular, we observe de-phased oscillations of both prevalence and network degree during which there is role reversal between the level and nature of the connectivity of susceptible and infected nodes. We conclude with an attempt at describing what a potential bifurcation theory for networks would look like.
Joel C. Miller was funded by the Global Good Fund through the Institute for Disease Modeling and by a Larkins Fellowship from Monash University. Péter L. Simon acknowledges support from Hungarian Scientific Research Fund, OTKA, (grant no. 115926).
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